By 9 pm, Task Force Harper ceased to exist as a unified, cohesive fighting unit. US-Panzerdivision, Beiname Phantom Division) war eine Panzerdivision der United States Army. These enemy forces were the lead elements of the 116th Panzer Division, which were on their way to Houffalize after taking Trois Vierges. The Division exploited the bridgehead, moving south and east across the Lahn River toward Limburg, where thousands of Allied prisoners were liberated. Combat Command A of the 9th Armored Division had been attached to the Fourth on the 27th, and was fighting its own battle to further expand and protect the corridor to the west. Colonel Gilbreth’s Combat Command R consisted of the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion, the 2nd Tank Battalion, the 73rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion, the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion, and other conventional task force attachments. Each combat command usually consisted of one armored battalion and one armored infantry battalion. While the British 29th Armoured Brigade blocked to road to the Meuse, the 2nd Armored Division attacked the exposed flank of the 2nd Panzer Division with full force. Lt. Col. Harper ordered the survivors to fight their way to Longvilly. It was Middleton’s reasoning that a strong American concentration within these transportation centers would force the Germans to come to him and, in any case, American forces would be in strength on the enemy’s flank and rear. Its two tank battalions were about at full strength with 27 Mark IVs, 58 Panthers, and 48 armored assault guns. After World War II, the unit returned state-side and was inactivated until 15 July 1963, when it was reassigned from the 9th Armored Division, and converted and redesignated as HHC, 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division. Clervaux was only a scant five miles from this junction and only about 13 road miles from Bastogne. The personnel of CCR, 9th Armored Division who managed to make it to Bastogne and regroup were able to assist the 101st Airborne Division by acting as either mobile emergency relief strike forces, armored support for the lightly armed paratroopers, or direct infantry augmentation to the defense line. Each combat command was a combined arms military organization of comparable size to a brigade or regiment and loosely patterned after the German combined arms approach to mechanized warfare. The 112th Infantry Regiment drew off a platoon of tank destroyers, and the 110th Infantry Regiment was sent a platoon of tank destroyers as well as a company of tanks. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Due to German superiority in armor, however, only one enemy tank was disabled while the other two turned back for cover. Fuller’s regimental front stretched approximately 10 miles, and anything even remotely resembling a continuous line of defense was far beyond the manpower capabilities of the 1st and 3rd Battalions. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. Subscribe to 2nd Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division Footer menu. 2.) These enemy tanks and infantrymen belonged to the reconnaissance battalion of Colonel von Lauchert’s 2nd Panzer Division whose infantry elements were eliminating the last of the American defenders in Clervaux. Subscribe to 14th Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division Footer menu. Supported by the outstandingly responsive and accurate fire of its artillery battalion, this widely dispersed force stopped every attack for six days until its surrounded infantry were ordered to fight their way back to them. Unknown to the Americans, the Germans were planning a major offensive code-named Operation Watch on the Rhine. We became associated with the 60th Armored Infantry and the 3rd Armored Field Artillery Batallions. General Luttwitz’s corps consisted of the 2nd Panzer Division, the Panzer Lehr Division, and the 26th Volksgrenadier Division (VGD) with the added strength of the 15th Volks Werfer (rocket launcher) Brigade, the 766th Volks Artillery Corps, the 600th Army Engineer Battalion, and the 182nd Flak Regiment. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. The offensive was launched, 28 February 1945, and the 9th smashed across the Roer to Rheinbach, sending patrols into Remagen. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. The entire front was being subjected to similar bombardment, and the Germans were probably just putting on an artillery show or involved in some spoiling operation. The corps commander informed his division commander that the order came down from the highest level of command. For the men of CCB and CCR, the hard slog was over for the time being. However, many other retreating soldiers never made it, having fallen to the gauntlet of sporadic enemy artillery fire, snipers, and engagements with concealed enemy infantry and tanks. The 9th Armored Division is cited for extraordinary heroism and gallantry in combat in the vicinity of Waldbillig and Savelborn, Luxembourg from December 16 to December 22, 1944 by repulsing constant and determined attacks by an entire German division. The 9th was assigned to a camp on the British coastline opposite of the German defenses in Pas-de-Calais, ostensibly as part of the "First US Army Group" (FUSAG) under Gen. John W. Leonard. In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. Three infantry divisions, the 28th, 4th, and 106th, comprised VIII Corps. The 3rd Brigade demobilized on 15 July 1919 and reconstituted on 10 August 1921, within the newly-constituted 1st Cavalry Division. Since the bulk of 2nd Panzer was coming up from the east along Highway N-12, the bulk of Task Force Rose was facing east. Since the primary mission of the Fifth Panzer Army was to reach and cross the Meuse River by day three of the offensive in flank support of Sixth SS Panzer Army’s drive to capture Antwerp, the 2nd Panzer and the Panzer Lehr Divisions were to rapidly move beyond Bastogne regardless of who held it. Manteuffel’s instructions to Luttwitz were direct: “Panzer Lehr Division holds itself ready to advance by order of the corps following behind the 26th VGD by way of Gemund-Drauffeld toward Bastogne and the Meuse in the sector of Namur-Dinant. Activated 15 Feb 42 Arrived ETO 25 Feb 44 Arrived Continent (D/42) 18 Jul 44 Entered Combat: First Element 27 Jul 44 Entire Division 28 Jul 44 Days in Combat 226 Casualties (Tentative) Killed 1,169 Wounded 4,198 Missing 152 Captured 7 Battle Casualties 5,526 Non-Battle Casualties 7,290 Total Casualties 12,816 CCR would be treated as a true reserve force from which units and men could be drawn as needed, a holding unit for a heterogeneous collection of troops and equipment. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 42 to 80. After the war, General Manteuffel wrote: “On the whole the delaying action of the withdrawing American Army was a success. The 22nd Tank Battalion, originally the 3rd Battalion, 42nd Armored Regiment was activated on August 15, 1942, with the 11th Armored Division at Camp Polk, Louisiana. After a brief shelling of Task Force Rose positions, the German guns placed a smoke screen in front of the American task force. In honor of their World War II service, the 9th was officially nicknamed the "Phantom Division." The two Shermans sent by Task Force Rose to lead the relief force had to return alone to the battle. The Clerf crossings lay only about 17 road miles from Bastogne. With the possible exception of the titanic clash at El Alamein, no tank engagement in World War II will be longer remembered than the dashing armored coup which first put the American Army across the Rhine at Remagen bridge. The Division drove on to Frankfurt and then turned to assist in the closing of the Ruhr Pocket. The German high command felt that its former commander, General Henning Schonfeld, lacked the aggressive spirit required for the forthcoming offensive. Approximately a half hour later the tankers saw the three German tanks emerge from the cover of the woods. In some black and white photos the marking appears as a wolf head on a simple white square. Entire Division: 2nd Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 749th Tank Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 776th Tank Destroyer Battalion of the 44th Infantry Division (United States) U.S. Army: 1945: France: Defensive action starting on December 31, 1944, against the German offensive Operation Nordwind in Rimling, France. 68th Tank Battalion 69th Tank Battalion 9th Armored Infantry Battalion 44th Armored Infantry Battalion 50th Armored Infantry Battalion 86th Cavalry Rcn Sq (Mecz) 25th Armored Engineer Battalion 146th Armored Signal Co 6th Armored Division Artillery 128th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 212th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 231st Armored Field Artillery Battalion 6th Armored Division … Tanks of the 9th Armored Division roll through an abandoned French village. Each battalion had its own insignia. Almost immediately after speaking to General Hodges, General Bradley put in a call to General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme Allied commander, requesting the release of the two reserve airborne divisions. Place and date: Near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 December 1944. Next, the Germans turned their attention to Task Force Harper near Allerborn. In the opening onslaught, the Germans swept the first line of defense with machine-gun fire to clear out any infantry that might be protecting the tanks. At approximately 8:30 am on December 18, the infantrymen of Task Force Rose facing Clervaux reported that three enemy tanks accompanied by infantry were approaching. The best that could be done was a system of village strongpoints, each defended by troops in the approximate strength of a rifle company. The devastating successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. Essentially, the only uncommitted combat unit he had left was CCR of the 9th Armored Division. As the lead panzer came into view, it was turned back by fire from the American tanks. These retreating soldiers and tankers were not, despite some postwar accounts, a bunch of dispirited, demoralized, and undisciplined panic mongers. Prior to its participation in the Ardennes offensive, the division participated in the invasions of Poland, France, the Balkans, and Russia. Once in Neufchateau, DeRoche located Captain Walter M. Meier, who was busy gathering and regrouping retreating CCR men and armor. The two Task Force Rose Shermans would be able to lead reinforcements back and guide them into position. The decisions about where to place CCR’s individual components were to be made elsewhere— some by Maj. Gen. Norman Cota, commanding the 28th Infantry Division, some by his regimental or battalion commanders, and some even by the corps commander himself. In mid-December 1944, the three combat commands of the 9th Armored Division were scattered throughout the Ardennes front. The sound of battle had not been lost on the Allerborn defenders, and when the tanks of Task Force Rose showed up with the disturbing news of the desperate fight just up the road, Major Dalton immediately dispatched an assault gun platoon and a platoon of Shermans under the command of Captain Baird, the Battalion’s S-3. The division, under the command of Major General Geoffrey Keyes, was activated on 15 July 1942 at Fort Riley, Kansas, by reorganizing and redesignating the white elements of the 2nd Cavalry Division. CCA was placed just south of the confluence of the Our and Sure Rivers wedged between the 109th Infantry Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division to its north and the 12th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division to its south. One Sherman became bogged down in the mud and had to be evacuated. Prior to its commitment to the Ardennes offensive, 2nd Panzer was supplied with the newer model Panther medium tanks equipped for night fighting with the new infrared sighting apparatus and high-velocity 75mm cannon. All three platoons of his tank company (15 Sherman tanks) were positioned about 300 yards to the rear of the infantry. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. The Combat Command had been attached to the 2nd Infantry Division in order to participate in an attack on the Roer River Dams in the vicinity of Dreiborn, Germany. 2021 - 2020 14th Tank Battalion, CCA, 9th Armored Division, after Remagen, Ludendorf Bridge and the breakout at Erpel "On the 23rd of March during the breakout from the bridgehead area, the 14th Tank Battalion was attached to Combat Command "A" Headquarters. The time was about 1 pm on December 18. While the 73rd Armored Field Artillery (AFA) was busy shelling suspected enemy assembly points, the Germans were busy bringing up their own artillery. On December 16, however, the forces available to Middleton to implement this plan were not nearly enough. M4 Sherman tank with a late-war 76 mm main gun. 9th Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1942, http://www.ljmilitaria.com/armygroundforcespatches/civil_war__spanish_american_war__indian_wars__wwi.htm#divisions, The 9th: The Story of the 9th Armored Division, "Official 3d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division Homepage", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/9th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4685722, Pages using infobox military unit with unknown parameters, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, 509th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment, Headquarters Company, 9th Armored Division, 131st Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion, 656th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 22 February 1945 past 9 May 1945), 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 14 November 1944 to 8 January 1945), 482nd AAA Automatic Weapons Battalion (attached 22 November 1945 to 9 January 1945; 22 February 1945 to 9 May 1945). The 116th Panzer Division logs for this date report a number of skirmishes with American armor. In the exchange of fire, A Company knocked out three Mark IVs with one Sherman destroyed, the main gun of a second was disabled, and a third Sherman threw a track, forcing its crew to destroy it. So let’s take a closer look. The 73rd AFA batteries were immediately pulled back to Longvilly. In September 1943 fourteen of those were reorganized, these are sometimes called the „light“ armored divisions, although this name is a bit misleading, because the main difference was in size and not the equipped tanks. Shortly after this initial engagement, four enemy tanks supported by infantry emerged from the woods just northeast of the American forward positions. They came through the 101st defensive lines having had very little sleep or food for three days and in almost constant battle with an enemy that not only had the full advantage of surprise but was also far superior in numbers, the quantity and quality of its armor, and in its battle experience. Colonel Gilbreth would have very little independent command and control over his unit. The 9th Division was one of several real U.S. Army divisions that participated in Operation Fortitude, the deception operation mounted by the Allies to deceive the Germans about the real landing site for Operation Neptune, the amphibious invasion of Northern France. According to the German plan, the offensive would cut across the Ardennes front, capturing Bastogne, one of three critical communication/road network centers in Field Marshal Hasso von Manteuffel’s Fifth Army sector. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. Hierbei täuschten die Alliierten erfolgreich die Wehrmacht und machten ihr weis, dass die tatsächliche Invasion in der Gegend von Dünkirchen stattfinden würde. The 6th Armored Division had three Tank Battalions: the 15th, the 68th and the 69th. When General Omar Bradley, 12th Army Group commander, visited Middleton at his headquarters in Bastogne, Middleton expressed concern about the overall defensive situation, only to be told, “Don’t worry Troy, they won’t come through here.” Middleton replied, “Maybe not, Brad, but they’ve come through this area several times before.” To help assuage his fears, General Bradley provided VIII Corps with the newly arrived 9th Armored Division. Maj. Gen. Although the plan called on German armor to bypass Bastogne should immediate capture prove unfeasible, investment would still tie down German forces needed elsewhere. The Germans did not expect this to happen. After acquiring DeRoche’s small force and a few others, Captain Meier called 9th Armored Division headquarters in Mersch and received permission to take his force into Bastogne. Put out of action on December 17th 1944 while defending Clervaux, Luxembourg. The 9th Armored Division traced its origins back to the 2nd Cavalry Division stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas. The second roadblock near Allerborn, under the command of Lt. Col. Ralph S. Harper (Task Force Harper), consisted of a company and a half of Sherman tanks (C and D Companies, 2nd Tank Battalion), one company of armored infantry (B Company, 52nd AIB), and a platoon of armored engineers. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 1 to 41. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Draftees and enlistments brought the battalion up to its full strength of 700 officers and men. Major General John W. Leonard’s 9th Armored Division was, like most armored divisions of the period, divided into three separate combat commands (CC): A, B, and R (Reserve). But the resistance by delaying actions gained the time needed to bring up their tactical reserves at the correct moment.”, XHTML: You can use these tags:
. Panzer Lehr would follow directly behind the 26th VGD. In addition, an American occupation of Bastogne would provide Allied forces with a base from which to hamper the German flanks and rear as well as cause major resupply problems for Luttwitz’s fuel-hungry tanks. In the early morning hours of December 16, 1944, all along the Ardennes front from Monchau in the north to Echternach in the south, American forces awoke to the sound of German artillery. This was based on an earlier effort but was predicated on a new Cavalry Regiment TO&E (Table of Organization and Equipment) which was … CCB found itself near the village of Faymonville and recently attached to V Corps to support the U.S. Army’s effort to capture or destroy the Roer River dams. What was left of CCR was placed under the command of Lt. Col. Robert M. Booth (Team Booth) and occupied the high ground immediately north of Allerborn. After this, the Mark IVs and Panthers destroyed two tank platoons of Company C, 2nd Tank Battalion as well as a number of infantrymen being silhouetted by the burning vehicles. CCR, 9th Armored was now split into two task forces. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. When the Germans launched their winter offensive, the 9th, with no real combat experience, suddenly found itself engaged in heavy fighting. Its first commander was General Heinz Guderian, the father of the Blitzkrieg tactic. The do-or-die circumstance meted out to Task Force Rose at Lullange exemplifies the desperate situation facing VIII Corps command during the first days of the offensive. 9th Infantry Division In WWII - The Archival Film Footage Collection - 9th Infantry Division in WWII - Archival Film Footage Belgium - September 1944 3 September 1944 Tanks of the 746th Tank Battalion in support of the 60th Infantry Regiment, fire from a roadside at the Belgium town of Philippeville. Middleton, believing that he would eventually be granted the two reserve divisions, still had one major problem: how to slow down the German advance long enough to allow for the arrival and deployment of the paratroopers. U.S. Armored Divisions Previous Next 9th Armored Division (Inactive) ... Fourth Armored Division tanks finally broke through on 26 December, but CCB continued to fight until 18 January. The Division was shifting south to Czechoslovakia when the war in Europe ended on 9 May 1945. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. 9th A.D. halftracks advancing through Engers, Germany, 27 March 1945. 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