The President of the Republic, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, has indicated that his government is in the process of identifying alternative sources of livelihood for persons involved in illegal mining activities, popularly referred to as ‘galamsey’, across the country. enableSendAllBids: false {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 208.113.171.103. syncDelay: 3000 This provides another measure of decommodification by indicating the likelihood of being at risk of poverty when social transfers … { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, It provides the means of livelihood for over 70 % of the population and a major source of raw materials for the agro-allied industries and potent source of the much needed foreign exchange (World Bank, 2017, (Ogbalubi&Wokocha,2013). {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); Unpublished Masters thesis, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan, Scoones I (1998) Sustainable rural livelihoods: a framework for analysis. }] { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "source-of-livelihood"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Eleven major sources of livelihood are identified. Sources of livelihood The surface of the sea glittered in the sun. Note: Figures in parenthesis indicate percentage a1 kattha = 0.033 hectare, Population without citizenship certificate (%), Note: Figures in parenthesis indicate percentage, aHousehold Head bLivestock Standard Unit (LSU) is the aggregate of different types of livestock in standard unit calculated using the following equivalents; 1 adult buffalo = 1 LSU, 1 immature buffalo = 0.5 LSU, 1 Cow = 0.8 LSU, 1 calf = 0.4 LSU, 1 pig = 0.3 LSU, 1 sheep or goat = 0.2 LSU, and 1 poultry = 0.1 LSU (CBS 2003; Baral 2005), Note: Figures in parenthesis indicate standard deviation, ***, **, * indicate significant at 1%, 5% and 10% level of significance respectively, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, Many people from developing nations rely on agriculture for livelihood. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. India Today. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, Department for International Development, London, pp 53–65, Ellis F (1999) Rural livelihood diversity in developing countries: evidence and policy implications. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; It is a very reliable source of livelihood for mankind for the past many centuries. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Search source of livelihood and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. var pbTabletSlots = [ Livelihood definition: Your livelihood is the job or other source of income that gives you the money to buy the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples googletag.enableServices(); Translations in context of "livelihood" in English-Arabic from Reverso Context: livelihood opportunities, means of livelihood, sustainable livelihood, alternative livelihood, livelihood security ... Download our free app. "authorizationFallbackResponse": { if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Socioeconomics and sources of livelihood security in Central Himalaya, India: a case study. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Diversification is adopted as the livelihood strategy by almost all the households. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Among its advocacies are advancing food sovereignty and asserting the people’s rights to land and livelihood. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'max': 3, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ According to our results, firewood makes more contribution to the households’ livelihood among all other forest resources. The President of the Republic, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, has indicated that his government is in the process of identifying alternative sources of livelihood for persons involved in illegal mining activities, popularly referred to as ‘galamsey’, across the country. params: { Overseas Development Institute, London. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 545-553. name: "criteo" Forum for Rural Welfare and Agricultural Reform for Development, Chitwan, FORWARD (2001b) Formulation of a comprehensive Praja Development Programme, Part I, a synthesis of database. Praja Community Development Programme, Chitwan, Malleson R, Asaha S, Sunderland T, Burnham P, Egot M, Obeng-Okrah K, Ukpe I, Miles W (2008) A methodology of assessing rural livelihood strategies in West/Central Africa: lessons from the field. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, name: "pubCommonId", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, Lund, Sweden. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; timeout: 8000, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, } { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, 6, pp. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, }, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/source-of-livelihood"); The average annual income per household received from sources of agriculture is calculated as 184471 PKR. 'increment': 0.05, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, Agriculture is a nature-friendly and most peaceful method of livelihood. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, pid: '94' Generating alternative sources of livelihood through farm forests In 2004, the first model of food forest started in the village supported by Development Research Communication and Services Centre (DRCSC), a non-profit working for farmers in West Bengal. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. dd-rd.ca. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, 'buckets': [{ googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, },{ Unpublished Masters thesis. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "ex"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, According to President Akufo-Addo, a cabinet committee has been established, and headed by the Minister for … { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, Deprived of sources of livelihood during the pandemic, sex workers, transpersons, gay and bi-sexual men, drug users and people living with HIV/AIDS have petitioned the … The combination of farming, wage laboring, and forestry is the most dominant strategy despite its lower income. 26 days ago | 36 views. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, iframe: { How We Lost Our Means Of Livelihood, Others Worth Millions Of Naira In Fire Incident – Lagos Plank Market Traders Traders who spoke with SaharaReporters could … storage: { }); name: "idl_env", The findings show that main sources of livelihood were agriculture and its related activities and supplemented by off farm activities in the area. Example from the Hansard archive. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, }, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Nepal Integrated Research System Pvt. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, These people, all poor, had migrated from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and settled on the banks of the Yamuna in North East Delhi. expires: 60 { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); Their participation enhanced their knowledge and understanding of best farming practices. The assistance was given as “seed capital” to allow the concerned residents rebuild their livelihood, Selma said. ... sources of livelihood 88. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, partner: "uarus31" 65,340, followed by income from forests and livestock respectively. Livelihood takes a vital role for people particularly in rural areas because of the availability o land and sea in their place. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); }; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 70611.4 PKR. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. of data on type of activity because the persons classified as "employed" may include some who only work during a brief portion of the year and who depend on other sources of income (such as unemployment benefits) or on other persons for their livelihood. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, Socioeconomics and sources of livelihood security in Central Himalaya, India: a case study. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. According to President Akufo-Addo, a cabinet committee has been established, and headed by the Minister for … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Among all agricultural products, the average annual income generated from potatoes is highest, i.e. IDS discussion paper 296. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, 'max': 30, 'max': 36, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology: Vol. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Alternative Sources of Livelihood For ‘galamseyer’ In Offing May 19, 2017 by President Nana Akufo-Addo has indicated that his government is in the process of identifying alternative sources of livelihood for persons involved in illegal mining activities, popularly referred to … This implies that the households are constrained from adopting other remunerative options. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Retrieved November 23, 2009, from, Ellis F (1998) Livelihood diversification and sustainable rural livelihoods. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448836' }}, Our sources of livelihood would be through cricket: Dasgupta on Ganguly conflict of interest row. Look up in Linguee; Suggest as a translation of "sources of livelihood" ... We are increasingly and violently expelled from our lands and [...] separated from our sources of livelihood. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, Shah H, Khan MA, Akmal N, Sharif M (2005) Livelihood assets and livelihood strategies of small farmers in salt range: a case study of Pind Dadan Khan district Jhelum, Pakistan. name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, ​Kirtipur, Nepal, NIRS (2006) Socio-economic status of indigenous peoples (Based on Nepal Living Standards Survey – 2003/04 Data Set). "loggedIn": false priceGranularity: customGranularity, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, var pbDesktopSlots = [ pbjs.que.push(function() { {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, In non-farm economic activities public/private sector employment was the major source of non-farm source of livelihood for the rural households in the research area. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Agriculture is the mainstay of livelihoods for the majority of the households. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); } { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology: Vol. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Ltd, Kathmandu, Piya L (2009) Role of forest resources on the livelihood of Chepang community in Nepal: a case study of Chitwan and Makawanpur districts. }; {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); "error": true, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448836' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, (2017). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, Follow. 'min': 0, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, How to use livelihood in a sentence. Papers presented at the Department for International Development’s Natural Resources Advisor’s Conference, July 1998. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, These words are often used together. He said their primary sources of livelihood were mainly affected by the community quarantine measures implemented by local government units in the wake of the COVID-19 threat. Aatapi organises business development and entrepreneurship training sessions for members of the community in need of alternative sources of livelihood. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, The term "Sustainable Livelihood" is used here to refer to a livelihood that can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. (the way someone earns) the money people need to pay for food, a place to live, clothing, etc…. My hometown Bongaboong is said to be the Organic Capital of Oriental Mindoro and known for its magnificent sceneries, tourism contributes to the development of the place but besides that farming and fishing is the main source of the local income. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); var pbMobileHrSlots = [ The WLB2 will be listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. if(pl_p) Bubbles and a breakthrough: the language of COVID (update), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. From the Cambridge English Corpus. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Recognizes that households may pursue a range of different livelihood strategies. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, Generating alternative sources of livelihood through farm forests In 2004, the first model of food forest started in the village supported by Development Research Communication and Services Centre (DRCSC), a non-profit working for farmers in West Bengal. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, Sustainable Livelihood framework can support project/program planning Livelihood strategies Helps to identify groups of poor people according to their main livelihood sources. Eleven major sources of livelihood are identified. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, )? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "ex-mcp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, The assistance was given as “seed capital” to allow the concerned residents rebuild their livelihood, Selma said. Department for International Development, London, pp 3–23, CBS (2003) National sample census of agriculture Nepal, 2001/02: highlights. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, Part of Springer Nature. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, ... diversifies livelihood sources, and protects the environment on which their livelihoods depend. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 24, No. if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { pbjsCfg = { Deprived of sources of livelihood during the pandemic, sex workers, transpersons, gay and bi-sexual men, drug users and people living with HIV/AIDS have petitioned the … iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = ex-mcp"); J Environ Manag 85(1):17–26, Carney D (1998) Implementing the sustainable rural livelihoods approach. The main sources of livelihood and income are clearly defined in the Holy Qur'an. It provides the means of livelihood for over 70 % of the population and a major source of raw materials for the agro-allied industries and potent source of the much needed foreign exchange (World Bank, 2017, (Ogbalubi&Wokocha,2013).

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