This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. 102). The temple of Venus (aedes, Livy, Pliny, Suet., Vitr., templum, Ovid, Pliny, Tacitus, νεώς Appian, Cass. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. ad Att. Nap. The forum Iulium was rectangular, about 115 metres long and 30 wide, surrounded by a colonnade and wall. The columns sustain a portion of the preserved marble  frieze and cornice of the Trajanic-era temple. The Fiscus and its Jurisdiction in First-Century ce Rome. A colossal statue was erected near the temple in honour of Tiberius by fourteen cities of Asia Minor which had been relieved by him  p227 after the earthquakes of 17 and 23 A.D., with personifications of them on its base: and a copy of this in relief was found at Puteoli Atti Acc. Arv. C. Morselli – E. Tortorici – C. Alvaro, Curia, Forum Iulium, Forum Transitorium, Lavori e studi di archeologia (Rome 1989). Show area in GeoNames, Google Maps, or OpenStreetMap. Mar 14, 2018 - A marble relief panel in the Naples Archaeological Museum depicting two cupids (or erotes, or putti) in the act of sacrificing bulls. Das Forum Iulium (oder Caesarforum) war das erste der Kaiserfora und als Erweiterung des alten Forum Romanum angelegt. Vall. citt. Forum Iulium o Forum Iulii fou una ciutat del Vèneto a uns 40 km al nord d'Aquileia al peu dels Alps Julians. It stood on the site and followed the design of its predecessor, begun by Julius Caesar after another fire … Forum Iulium ist das älteste der Kaiserforen in Rom. ad VI Kal. Anc.) Pinc. In the forum Caesar allowed the erection of a statue of himself wearing a cuirass, and he himself dedicated a statue of his horse with ‘humanis similes pedes priores’ Latin Library: I.I.84‑85), on which the dictator was mounted (Ber. Major excavations of the site took place in the 1930s for the construction of the Via dei fori Imperiali. 1 (Jan., 1993), pp. (Cass. B. C. II. cit. ), Spaces of Justice in the Roman Empire, Leiden, Brill, 2010, 189-221 III.224‑227; LR 302‑304; ZA 34‑36; Mem. Gesells. There can be no doubt that the Forum Iulium was immense, even by comparison with what followed. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Work was probably begun in 51, during Caesar’s absence in Gaul (Suet. Forum Iulium) ist das älteste der vier Kaiserforen Roms, errichtet durch Gaius Iulius Caesar und dessen Nachfolger Augustus im 1. Its main axis ran north-west to south-east, corresponding with that of the curia Iulia which adjoined it at the south corner. Verfasser: Maiuro, Marco. Pau Diaca diu que fou fundada per Juli Cèsar.. Inicialment sembla que era només un lloc de reunió dels carns i després el lloc d'encontre entre aquest poble i els magistrats romans. Dio, ; Fast. The back end of the forum butted up against the tuff ridge that connected the Quirinal Hill to the Capitoline Hill, removed in the construction of the Forum of Trajan (probably under Domitian). On this axis the temple was built, facing south-east. At the battle of Pharsalus Caesar vowed a temple to Venus Genetrix, the mythical ancestress of the Julian gens, and proceeded to build it in the centre of his forum (App. Schauen Sie sich Beispiele für Forum Iulium-Übersetzungen in Sätzen an, hören Sie sich die Aussprache an und lernen Sie die Grammatik. The forum space consisted of a long narrow piazza, with the Temple of Venus Genetrix on one end (Appian, Civil Wars, 2.102). Last modified 03/13/2020. it appears regularly in our sources as forum Caesaris (locc. B. C. II. 07-ago-2018 - General View of the Forum of Julius Caesar in Rome, first of the so-called "Imperial Fora," excavated in 1932 by Corrado Ricci. (For forum and temple, see also Jord. An der südwestlichen Längsseite des Caesarforum, die am Clivus Argentarius, der Straße der Geldwechsler, lag, waren mehrere Ladenlokale (tabernae) untergebracht. Forum Iulium:  the first of the so‑called imperial fora, begun by Julius Caesar and designed, not for a market, but to provide a centre for business of other kinds (App. The Forum of Caesar, also known by the Latin Forum Iulium or Forum Julium, Forum Caesaris, was a forum built by Julius Caesar near the Forum Romanum in Rome in 46 BC. L. Richardson, Jr., A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome (Johns Hopkins 1992) 165-167. ‘What was the Forum Iulium used for? IV.16.9). Allein die Grundstücke schlugen mit der gewaltigen Summe von 60 Millionen Sesterzen zu Buche. Der Platz umfasst ein Rechteck mit einer Seitenlänge von 170 mal 75 Metern Seitenlänge. 56, No. Image Date: 12-Mar. The senate house we see in the Forum today was built by Diocletian after a fire in AD 283. L. 5.xvii.153; ASA 54.). Arv. 31, 128 sqq.) 64-88. d. k. sächs. Subject 2: Caesar, Julius. Überprüfen Sie die Übersetzungen von 'Forum Iulium' ins Deutsch. 26), a sum perhaps exaggerated. Cassius Dio berichtet uns außerdem, der Feldherr habe in diesem Tempel eine Statue der Claopatra aus vergoldeter Bronze aufstellen lassen. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. It was perhaps the most famous comet of antiquity. musste das Forum unter Diokletian erneut wiederaufgebaut werden. Its main axis ran north-west to south-east, corresponding with that of the curia Iulia which adjoined it at the south corner. von: Maiuro, Marco. 46 B.C. Caesar hatte den Tempel vor der Schlacht von Pharsalos für den Fall eines Sieges über Pompeius zu bauen gelobt. III.224‑227; LR 302‑304; ZA 34‑36; Mem. At the battle of Pharsalus Caesar vowed a temple to Venus Genetrix, the mythical ancestress of the Julian gens, and proceeded to build it in the centre of his forum (App. 177-180," in: Dr. David Newsome, "THE FORUM AND THE CITY: RETHINKING CENTRALITY IN ROME AND POMPEII (3RD CENTURY B.C. 22; but by Octavianus after the dictator’s death. In front of the temple stood a fountain surrounded by nymphs, called Appiades (q.v. The temple of Venus (aedes, Livy, Pliny, Suet., Vitr., templum, Ovid, Pliny, Tacitus, νεώς Appian, Cass. 1 (Mar., 1997), pp. In the foreground the open area of the forum (new excavations) reaches all the way to the Curia. While the official designation was forum Iulium (Mon. – 2ND CENTURY A.D.)." The Forum Iulium (or Forum of Caesar, Forum Caesaris) is a forum built by Iulius Caesar and dedicated ca. )=33960; BC 1915, 170‑171; possibly Phlegon refers to this forum as ἡ Ῥωμαίων ἀγορά (Mir. 13). The forum Iulium was rectangular, about 115 metres long and 30 wide, surrounded by a colonnade and wall. Most of the architectural remains in the forum date to the Flavian period and later, although s… II.102); six dactyliothecae or collections of engraved gems; and a thorax adorned with British pearl. The Emperor’s Justice and its Spaces in Rome and Italy. Jahrhunderts wurde das Forum unter Trajan komplett umgebaut; am Clivus Argentarius entstand die Basilica Argentaria, die - wie der Name schon sagt - vorwiegend dem Bank- und Geldwechslergewerbe diente. Show place in AWMC's Antiquity À-la-carte, Google Earth, or Pelagios' Peripleo. Temple and forum were dedicated on the last day of Caesar’s great triumph, 26th September, 46 B.C. Gesells. 1903, 119. : Ruesch, Guida Mus. While the official designation was forum Iulium (Mon. Also visible is Mamertine prison. Other fragments can be seen displayed in the Markets of … sacratum (die ultimo triumphorum suorum); imperfectum autem diu manens ab Augusto confectum est. 22‑24; CIL X.1624). A statue of Drusilla was erected in the temple after her death (Cass. It was interpreted by Romans as a sign of the deification of recently assassinated dictator, Julius Caesar (100–44 BC). Nic. Forum Iulium (Graece Ἀγορὰ Ἰουλία), primum inter Fora Imperatorum quae Foro Romano adiacent, iussu C. Caesaris dictatoris constructum est et die 26 Septembris 46 a.C.n. Iulium Carnicum was founded by the Romans in I century B.C. All that remains of the forum is part of the enclosure wall of peperino on the south-west side (Via delle Marmorelle 29), 12 metres high and 3.70 thick, and some small vaulted chambers or tabernae opening into the corridor of the forum through a row of peperino arches with Anio tufa piers and travertine imposts (TF 46). Oct., CIL I2 p215, 219, 240, 322‑323, 330; Fast. Dio) was pycnostyle  and built of solid marble Latin Library: (Ov. The construction began at 54 a. C., and was finished at 29 a. C. by Augustus. Praen. in BC 1915, 170, 346), although the forum was not finished by Caesar (. L.R. More land was acquired afterwards, … Caes. At this time Palladio (Quattro Libri dell’ Architettura 1570, IV. Caesar had vowed the temple in 48 BC and inaugurated the site on his triumph in 46 BC, before it was completed (Dio History 43.22.1-2); Augustus saw to its completion. Das Caesarforum (lat. Search stock photos by tags. begonnenen Komplexes war äußerst kompliziert und kostspielig. All that remains of the forum is part of the enclosure wall of peperino on the south-west side (Via delle Marmorelle 29), 12 metres high and 3.70 thick, and some small vaulted chambers or tabernae opening into the corridor of the forum through a row of peperino arches with Anio tufa piers and travertine imposts (TF 46). ad VI Kal. Temple and forum were dedicated on the last day of Caesar’s great triumph, 26th September, 46 B.C. Media in category "Forum Iulium" The following 76 files are in this category, out of 76 total. I.I.84‑85), on which the dictator was mounted (Ber. Es handelt sich dabei um eine Erweiterung des Forum Romanum. The plan of this forum had been conceived as early as 54 B.C., for in that year Cicero and Oppius with engaged in purchasing land for Caesar from private owners, and had already paid sixty million sesterces (Cic. A piece of the architrave still exists in the Villa Medici. B. Servius) erwähnen eine Sichtbarkeit am Taghimmel. ©University of Reading. Please support our mission to aid learning and understanding of ancient Rome through free-to-access content by donating today. Far eastern end of the archaeological area that looks towards Forum Iulium. Of the temple of Venus, excavations in the sixteenth century brought to light portions of the foundations of peperino and travertine, and fragments of columns and frieze (cf. Dio, LIX.11.2‑3). Do you consent to receiving marketing from AIRC? in BC 1915, 170, 346), although the forum was not finished by Caesar (cf. suggest that the Forum lulium was the only one of the Imperial fora built to supplant directly the traditional civic functions of the original Forum Romanum. 1891, 99‑112). ). Cookies help us deliver our services. * INTRODUCTION The "Imperial fora" of Rome share characteristics of design, siting, and decorative theme, most of which were manifest in the first of their number, the Forum of Julius Caesar. Das Unternehmen konnte deshalb nur … VIII.155; Stat. From Platner & Ashby’s (1929) Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome: Forum Iulium:  the first of the so‑called imperial fora, begun by Julius Caesar and designed, not for a market, but to provide a centre for business of other kinds (App. Chr. Vall. But there can likewise be little doubt that each and every one of Julius Caesar's successors sought to outdo him in size as well as lavishness of adornment. The Fiscus and its Jurisdiction in First-Century ce Rome. The forum Iulium or as we usually call it, the Forum of Julius Caesar in Rome. ; Fast. ; in diesem Jahr berichtete Cicero in einem Brief an Atticus, dass er zusammen mit Oppius im Auftrag Caesars Land für ein neues Forum erwerben sollte. I.583.4277.) What Was the Forum Iulium Used for? loc. Foros imperiales-colores.png 1,414 × 881; 59 KB. Greg Wightman, “The Imperial Fora of Rome: Some Design Considerations,”, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. Die Errichtung des 54 v. Chr. Style/Period: Roman; Culture: Ancient Roman; Subject: Forums, Roman--Italy--Rome. B. C. II. More land was acquired afterwards, and the final cost is said to have been one hundred  p226 million sesterces, about £1,000,000 Suet. cit.). (For forum and temple, see also Jord. Figure 2: Remains of the Forum Iulium (or Forum of Caesar). Dio) was pycnostyle  and built of solid marble Latin Library: (Ov. Work was probably begun in 51, during Caesar’s absence in Gaul (Suet. More land was acquired afterwards, and the final cost is said to have been one hundred  p226 million sesterces, about £1,000,000 Suet. Therefore, an attempt to uncover d. k. sächs. 97, No. A piece of the architrave still exists in the Villa Medici. (Cass. Dio, Ἀφροδίσιον Cass. Le fasi arcaica, repubblicana e cesariano-augustea Erscheinungsjahr 2014 Erscheinungsort Oxford Verlag Archaeopress Reihe BAR international series Reihennummer 2607 Umfang 296 ISBN 9781407312385 Dio), although some scholars believe that this is a mistake for the temple of divus Iulius in the forum (see Jord. Foros imperiales-superposición.jpg 1,304 × 881; 406 KB. Hermes 1875, 342‑343; Gilb. Photographer: Gina Ciancone; Image Source: Photography by Media Center for Art History, Department of Art History, Columbia University . The forum was burned in 283 A.D. and restored by Diocletian (Chron. The plan of this forum had been conceived as early as 54 B.C., for in that year Cicero and Oppius with engaged in purchasing land for Caesar from private owners, and had already paid sixty million sesterces (Cic. 1891, 99‑112). https://ancientromelive.org/forum-iulium-caesaris-forum-of-julius-caesar/. In the imperial period, a hall was added on the other end (behind the Curia). Nap. Dio, Ἀφροδίσιον Cass. The plan of this forum had been conceived as early as 54 B.C., for in that year Cicero and Oppius engaged in purchasing land for Caesar from private owners, and had already paid sixty million sesterces. It was almost entirely rebuilt by Trajan. Die Arbeiten hatten mit Veränderungen am Forum Romanum (Neubau der niedergebrannten Curia, Renovierung der Basilica Aemilia) begonnen, später folgte eine Ausdehnung in das dicht besiedelte Wohngebiet auf dem Sattel zwischen Quirinal und Kapitol. Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Forum Iulium/Caesaris (Forum of Julius Caesar)” Ancient Rome Live. The Fascist era anastylosis (architectural restorative technique employing original pieces of ancient building material)  of the marble columns of the temple are impressive, with missing portions filled in with small bricks imitating the marble flutes. Hermes 1875, 342‑343; Gilb. 69-69    which thus became in effect a porticus surrounding the temple, a type followed in all the later fora. Jahrhundert v. Chr. it appears regularly in our sources as forum Caesaris (. 22; but by Octavianus after the dictator’s death. South side of Forum Iulium (via del Tulliano) looking northward into the large public latrine next to the Forum Iulium. Das Forum Iulium (oder Caesarforum) war das erste der Kaiserfora und als Erweiterung des alten Forum Romanum angelegt. Later, Augustus is stated to have set up in the temple a statue of the deified Julius with a star above his head (Cass. C/-43 K1 (Komet Caesar), in der Antike auch als sidus Iulium und Caesaris astrum, das Gestirn des vergöttlichten Julius Caesar bekannt, war ein Komet, der im Jahre 44 v. Chr. 31, 128, ) and Labacco (Libro appartenente all’ Architettura, 1552, 25‑28; 1559, 33‑36) drew a plan and reconstruction from what was then visible, representing a peripteral octostyle structure with very narrow intercolumniations. 178‑180, 371‑372; Gilb. ), The forum was burned in 283 A.D. and restored by Diocletian (Chron. 148). Jahr nach Gründung der Stadt, © Dr. Sven Keller 1997-2021, alle Rechte vorbehalten. In front of the temple stood a fountain surrounded by nymphs, called Appiades (q.v.) IV.16.9). Damasc. III.226). ; CIL VI.10097 (? Der Komet erschien an den von Caesars Adoptivsohn Octavian zwischen dem 20. und 23. ; in diesem Jahr berichtete Cicero in einem Brief an Atticus, dass er zusammen mit Oppius im Auftrag Caesars Land für ein neues Forum erwerben sollte. There is some portico rebuilding after the fire of Carinus in 283. Roger B. Ulrich, “Julius Caesar and the Creation of the Forum Iulium, American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. The main cult of the forum is that of Venus Genetrix. Much of the material found is on currently on display in the Imperial Fora museum in the Markets of Trajan. 49-80. 22‑24; CIL X.1624). and Labacco (Libro appartenente all’ Architettura, 1552, 25‑28; 1559, 33‑36) drew a plan and reconstruction from what was then visible, representing a peripteral octostyle structure with very narrow intercolumniations. )=33960; BC 1915, 170‑171; possibly Phlegon refers to this forum as ἡ Ῥωμαίων ἀγορά (Mir. Update, Studies and Excavations of the Forum of Iulium and the line of tabernae (2010, 2004, 2001). Caes. Caes. ), The Death of Caesar: The Story of History’s Most Famous Assassination. The Forum of Caesar (in Latin, Forum Iulium) is a forum which is part of the so-called Imperial Forums in Rome, where the first forum of this complex to be built. für sieben Tage am nordöstlichen Himmel Roms erschien. A. Claridge, Rome, An Oxford Archaeological Guide (Oxford, 2010) 163-169. 102). Caesar used his great wealth accumulated from the conquest of Gaul to purchase a large portion of land contiguous with the Forum, along the Capitoline Hill slopes (Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 4.16.8). Ptolemeu diu que pertanyia als carns. Das Forum Romanum im Modell (Erlangen-Nürnberg 2011) 124-127. On the temple podium there is also a cast of the Trajanic-era cupid figures that adorned the interior frieze. von: Le Gall, J. Yes, The American Institute for Roman Culture | All Rights Reserved | Privacy & Legal Information | Cookie Policy | Social Media Usage Policy | The American Institute for Roman Culture is a certified 501(C)3 US non-profit organization registered in the United States, EIN 22-3885181. 46 v. Chr. At first it was a vicus- a center that didn’t have an administrative independence, but it was associated to Aquileia (that was previously founded in 181 B.C.). In the forum Caesar allowed the erection of a statue of himself wearing a cuirass, and he himself dedicated a statue of his horse with ‘humanis similes pedes priores’ Latin Library: (Plin. Praen. Basilica Aemelia is not visible from here. The Forum Iulium was the first of the so‑called imperial fora, begun by Julius Caesar and designed, not for a market, but to provide a centre for business of other kinds. Strena Helbigiana 139‑142 and DAP 2.xv.366). A. I.81). Nic. On this axis the temple was built, facing south-east. L. Ungaro (Electa 2007). Created by The American Institute of Roman Culture, published on 03/13/2020 under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Cookies help us deliver our services. 26), a sum perhaps exaggerated. Foro de Cesar-planta.png 1,264 × 881; 46 KB. While the Forum of Caesar, underwent some renovations in time of Trajan and the year after the fire 283 d. C. The forum was rectangular in shape, about 125 metres long and 90 wide, and joined the forum Iulium on the north-east, its longest axis being perpendicular to that of the latter. 148). Where in Rome is the Forum of Julius Caesar? Dio, loc. dies iovis ante diem XII Kalendas Februarias MMDCCLXXIV ab urbe condita, Iuppitertag, 12. ch. L. 5.xvii.153; ASA 54. Foros imperiales-plano base.png 1,171 × 881; 41 KB. Caesar's Comet (also Sidus Iulium ("Julian Star"); Caesaris astrum ("Star of Caesar"); Comet Caesar; the Great Comet of 44 BC; numerical designation C/-43 K1) was a seven-day cometary outburst seen in July 44 BC. I.2.436‑441; Théd. B. Steinmann – R. Nawracala – M. Boss, Im Zentrum der Macht. Nap. Of the temple of Venus, excavations in the sixteenth century brought to light portions of the foundations of peperino and travertine, and fragments of columns and frieze (, Strena Helbigiana 139‑142 and DAP 2.xv.366). The statue of Venus Genetrix by Arcesilas, which Caesar set up, in foro Caesaris, was probably in the cella of the temple.1 (For another type of Venus Genetrix (seated) on a coin, see BM Rep. Forum Iulium ) ist das älteste der vier Kaiserforen Roms , errichtet durch Gaius Iulius Caesar und dessen Nachfolger Augustus im 1. Vollendet wurde der Bau aber erst nach dem Tod Caesars durch seinen Erben Octavian (den späteren Augustus). B. C. II.102); six dactyliothecae or collections of engraved gems; and a thorax adorned with British pearl Later, Augustus is stated to have set up in the temple a statue of the deified Julius with a star above his head (Cass. The Fiscus and its jurisdiction in I century CE Rome’, in F. De Angelis (ed. We are a a certified 501(C)3 US non-profit organization registered in the United States, EIN 22-3885181, and rely on donations to create our projects. I.583.4277.) Silv. 1903, 119 sqq. Rome, The Forum Iulium and Forum Augustum. Die Planungen für die Anlage begannen spätestens 54 v. Caesar also placed in the temple two paintings by Timomachus, Ajax and Medea; a gilded statue of Cleopatra App. Forum Iulium translation in Latin-Portuguese dictionary. All that remains of the forum is part of the enclosure wall of peperino on the south-west side (Via delle Marmorelle 29), 12 metres high … Caes. At this time Palladio (Quattro Libri dell’ Architettura 1570, IV. 178‑180, 371‑372; Gilb. Forum Iulium translation in Latin-English dictionary. ; CIL VI.10097 (? Style/Period: Roman; Culture: Ancient Roman; Subject: Forums, Roman--Italy--Rome. Es schloss an der nördlichen Ecke an das Forum Romanum an und wurde von einer doppelten Porticus umschlossen. Gespeichert in: 1. III.226). Caesar also placed in the temple two paintings by Timomachus, Ajax and Medea; a gilded statue of Cleopatra App. ch. Was a building that he was able to begin in the year 52 BC and then it was it was inaugurated in 46 BC, which is a couple of years before his assassination. What Was the Forum Iulium Used for? Jahrhundert v. Chr. Ort/Verlag/Jahr: (2010) Que faisait-on sur un forum? : The Forum Iulium and Forum Augustum, pp. of Venus Genetrix by Arcesilas, which Caesar set up, in foro Caesaris, was probably in the cella of the temple.1 (For another type of Venus Genetrix (seated) on a coin, see BM Rep. 13). Reconstruction, the Forum of Caesar or Forum Iulium in ancient Rome, Rekonstruktion, Das Caesarforum oder Forum Iulium, im antiken Rom. Platner-fora-imperial-96a Recontructed.jpg 2,032 × 1,103; 3.12 MB. Oct., CIL I2 p215, 219, 240, 322‑323, 330; Fast. Forum Iulium Untertitel l’area del Foro di Cesare alla luce delle campagne di scavo 2005–2008. The forum Iulium was rectangular, about 115 metres long and 30 wide, surrounded by a colonnade and wall. Dio), although some scholars believe that this is a mistake for the temple of divus Iulius in the forum (see Jord. Pinc. Nap. Anfang des 2. An der nordwestlichen Schmalseite befand sich der Tempel der Venus Genetrix; er war der Venus in ihrer Eigenschaft als Stammmutter der gens Iulia, also des Geschlechts der Iulier, geweiht, die ihren Ursprung auf Aeneas und damit auch auf dessen göttliche Mutter zurückführten. Damasc. Excavations continue today, led by the Danish Institute. (Weitergeleitet von Forum_Iulium) Das Caesarforum ( lat. The Museum of the Imperial Forums in Trajan’s Market, Ed. wurde das Caesarforum geweiht. "4.1.1 55 -2 B.C. A. Die Planungen für die Anlage begannen spätestens 54 v. Chr. : Ruesch, Guida Mus. On this axis the temple was built, facing south-east. The panel was originally one of a series that decorated the exterior of the Temple of Venus Genetrix in the Forum Iulium, Rome. Consider sponsoring us with a tax-deductable donation today: The American Institute for Roman Culture | All Rights Reserved |, JOIN OUR NEW ANCIENT ROME MONTHLY MASTERCLASSES - CLICK HERE TO FIND OUT MORE, Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, Tue Comitium, Quintessential Structure of Republican Rome, Seminar – The Mausoleum of Hadrian (Castel Sant’Angelo). Einige Quellen (z. which thus became in effect a porticus surrounding the temple, a type followed in all the later fora. Photographer: Gina Ciancone; Image Source: Photography by Media Center for Art History, Department of Art History, Columbia University . Es mussten zahlreiche Wohnhäuser der Subura abgerissen, Ausläufer des Kapitolshügels abgetragen und sogar die Curia des Senats verlegt werden. I.2.436‑441; Théd. A colossal statue was erected near the temple in honour of Tiberius by fourteen cities of Asia Minor which had been relieved by him  p227 after the earthquakes of 17 and 23 A.D., with personifications of them on its base: and a copy of this in relief was found at Puteoli Atti Acc. Anc.) Templum Veneris Genetricis in ipso foro aedificatum est. Its main axis ran north-west to south-east, corresponding with that of the curia Iulia which adjoined it at the south corner. Nach dem großen Brand von 283 n. Chr. Tag vor den Kalenden des Februar, 2774. -.

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