The 104th Infantry Division landed in France on 7 September 1944. The outpost line and principal resistance line were separated by a 1,000 yard artillery barrage zone designed to break up any attack that overran the outposts. The 104th Infantry Regiment became the 3rd Brigade, 26th Infantry Division, headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts. E Company, 33rd Armored Regiment, 3rd Armored Division: 11.10.1944-22.10.1944: 3rd Battalion, 33rd Armored Regiment, 3rd Armored Division 22 received an Oak Leaf Cluster. The third battalion of the 104th, under command of Capt. In an impressive ceremony occurring in a field near Boucq on 28 April 1918, the 104th Infantry's regimental flag was decorated with the Croix de Guerre by French General Fenelon F.G. Passaga. 1st Battalion 104th Infantry Regiment was inactivated on 1 December 2005, and the remaining units were reconstituted and consolidated into the 1st Battalion, 181st Infantry Regiment. >> 104th infantry regiment ww1 Difficult Spot to Defend. -- January 15, 1945 near Wiltz, Luxembourg. The six mullets symbolize the six major engagements during World War I. Washington: Center of Military History, 1950. It later served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, with Union forces in the American Civil War, and as a federalized Massachusetts National Guard regiment with the U.S. Army during Spanish-American War, Mexican Border Campaign, World War I and World War II. Reorganized and federally recognized 29 November 1946 at Springfield, Massachusetts. (one volume from the official U.S. Army History of WWII. ), The Hampshire Regiment expanded on 16 November 1748 to form the 1st (South) Hampshire Regiment (i.e. Inducted into federal service 16 January 1941 at Springfield, Massachusetts. Mustered into Federal service 18 June 1916 for service at the Mexico Border; mustered out of Federal service 31 October 1916. Shelton. A silver color metal and enamel device 11⁄8inches (2.9 cm) in height consisting of a shield blazoned: Per chevron and enhanced Argent and Azure, in chief a cross Gules, between six mullets pilewise a crenelated torch of the first flamant of three of the third, and in base an Indian arrowhead poi… To the men who remained with the 104th throughout, all this training and retraining became very monotonous and tedious. James Bryson of Lynn, Massachusetts. Very exciting! Private John W. Goldbaugh, 104th Infantry Regiment. Brigade Commanders were designated at the same time as follows: During this period the following changes occurred among officers commanding organizations and in the divisional staff: Colonel W. C. Hayes was succeeded by Colonel G. H. Shelton in command of 104th Infantry, January 2, 191 S. Colonel E. L. Isbell was succeeded by Colonel J. H. Parker in command of the 102nd Infantry, January 11, 1918. At first the Germans secured a foothold in some advanced trenches which were not strongly held but, thereafter, sturdy counterattacks by the 104th Infantry—at the point of the bayonet and in hand-to-hand combat—succeeded in driving the enemy out with serious losses, entirely re-establishing the American line. was organized in 1917. From Camp Blanding to Camp Gordon, Georgia, to Camp Campbell, Kentucky, to the Tennessee Maneurvers, back to Camp Campbell, to Fort Jackson, South Carolina, and finally to Camp Shanks, New York, for the final drills before going overseas. Regiment of Light Infantry reorganized and redesignated 24 April 1840 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 10th Regiment of Light Infantry. It may be possible that your relative was the one chosen to put it all together. It is a good source for the story of the pre-Pearl Harbor training and maneuvers. ), Fifield, James H. A History of the 104th U.S. Infantry AEF 1917–1919. [There was] stiff German resistance along the "Berta Line" in the area of Epieds, which included orders for enemy artillery to contaminate the front line with mixed gas of all types. History of a Combat Regiment 1639–1945. PFC Benjamin Kaplow US ARMY, 26th Infantry (Yankee Division) 104th Regiment, WWII I was drafted into World War 11 right out of high school in 1943. "[5] Shortly after H-hour sounded, "[a] severe fire dropped by the enemy artillery on the [104th in Belleau Wood]. He had seen it as his Company K of the 104th Infantry Regiment moved up to the front lines just outside Rodalbe, France, with the Army’s 26th Yankee Division … This photo was taken in Wiltz, Luxembourg, january 6, 1945. Private First Class Dale H. Duling, 104th Infantry Regiment. A large mural on the third floor features a group of WWI era soldiers standing with two flags. Bronislaw Dubileski. United States Army site with description of insignia and coat of arms. Continued: Bois Brule was in La Reine sector on the southeasterly face of the St. Mihiel salient, a rough and ragged terrain where virtually all the tactical advantage lay with the enemy. Print. The red stars depict the Orion constellation, punning on the surname of the division's World War I commander John F. Roberts was promoted to the rank of major for the splendid manner in which he had handled his battalion. The shield is white and blue – the old and the present Infantry colors. 26th Infantry Division „Yankee Division“ 27th Infantry Division „New York“ 28th Infantry Division „Keystone Division“ 29th Infantry Division „Blue and gray“ 30th Infantry Division „Old Hickory“ 31st Infantry Division „Dixie Division“ 32nd Infantry Division „Red Arrow Division“ 33rd Infantry Division „Illinois Division“ 34th Infantry Division „Red Bull Division Today, 71 years ago, on October 22, 1944 the following soldiers of the US 26th Infantry Division were Killed in Action, while fighting for our freedom in occupied Europe. Redesignated 30 September 1921 as the 104th Infantry Regiment, an element the 26th Division (later redesignated as the 26th Infantry Division). There were no trenches in the area of the front, little wire and no shelters (dugouts). These companies serve as the light and flank companies for the Massachusetts Line. Mustered into Federal service 10 May 1898 as the 2nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry for service in Cuba; mustered out of Federal service 3 November 1898. Cooper died on January 5, 1945, likely while his unit was involved in advancing on the Wiltz River. Silver Star Medal". It was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08 under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). It was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08 under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). Shortly after the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917 the regiment was mustered into Federal service and designated as the 104th Infantry Regiment. Inactivated 29 December 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts. The 104th as part of the division was mobilized at Camp Edwards on Cape Cod, Mass. Die 26. This original band trained on the highlands, which George Washington later selected as the site of the United States National Armory. The 104th Infantry Regiment was raised in 1639 as the Hampshire Regiment in Springfield, MA. It was a severe test of arms in which much technique of warfare was forgotten by the green Yanks who nevertheless battled vigorously and effectively to beat back the veteran enemy. What a great image! The picture is Colonel George A. Roberts, Commander of the 104th Infantry Westfield Massachusetts. Mustered into Federal Service 21 June 1861 at Springfield, Massachusetts, as the 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered out of Federal service 6 July 1864 at Springfield. COMPANY B, 51st FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE AMMUNITION TRAIN: Guidons for infantry, field artillery and engineer regiments were similar to those used today, but since line companies and batteries were lettered in sequence regardless of battalion assignment, no battalion numeral appeared on their guidons. "[4], "From July 9–14 [1918], 10,350 high explosive shells fell on the 52nd Brigade sector killing 14 and wounding 84. For its gallantry the 104th Infantry was cited in a general order of the French 32nd Army Corps on 26 April 1918. The torch was a device painted on the 104th Infantry Regiment equipment during World War I for easy identification, the three flames representing the three centuries of existence of the 104th Infantry Regiment. He was with the 26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment, Company A during the war and got wounded in France, 1944. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501 Company E, 104th Infantry Regiment." December 18, 2020 at 6:21 AM ... 1945 the following soldiers of the US 26th Infantry Division were Killed in Action, while fighting for our freedom in occupied Europe. Silver Star. The last active element of the regiment, the 1st Battalion, was deactivated in 2005 and the soldiers and lineage transferred to the 1st Battalion, 181st Infantry Regiment. The 104th Infantry Regiment traces its history to 14 November 1639, when it was first mustered as the Springfield Train Band in Springfield, Massachusetts. This Medal was also given to Captain George Roberts, and the bronze frame was specially cast with the infantry tools of the day around the frame. Also, the Massachusetts State House mural "Decoration of the Colors of the 104th United States Infantry," painted in 1927 by Richard Andrew. See More Terry Allen, Commanding General, 104th Infantry Division (Oak Leaf Cluster) Distinguished Service Medal. 1. In March 1942 replacements joined the regiment to bring it to full war-time strength and the 104th was sent to patrol and coast from North Carolina and Key West, Florida. Patrick McKiernen Print. Inducted into federal service 16 January 1941 at Springfield, Massachusetts. "Overnight more than 1,000 artillery shells fell on the 52nd Brigade's Command Post and the next day the 52nd was again repulsed in a third attack against Epieds, the vigorous defense of which proved to be a rear-guard holding action by the enemy while the main German forces withdrew. But nevertheless, one of the more in... teresting photographs I have encountered while researching the 26th Infantry Division. The 26th Yankee Division on Coast Patrol Duty 1942–1943. Major A. Ashworth succeed… 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division. 26th Infantry Regiment. Mustered into Federal Service 21 June 1861 at Springfield, Massachusetts, as the 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered out of Federal service 6 July 1864 at Springfield. (Reinforced by elements of 6th and 8th Massachusetts Infantry.). In January 1943, the regiment was assembled at Camp Blanding, Florida, to receive amphibious assault training. Awesome WWI / WWII era 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Division pin. The General answered: "You would say that." United States Army site with description of insignia and coat of arms. It was produced for distribution to 104th Infantry Veterans. Print. The troops suffered a high number of casualties due to heavy gas exposure. The last photo shows this insignia on a WWI 26th Division helmet (not included). Saturday, December 6, 1941, the 104th returned to Camp Edwards from the Carolina Maneuvers, the largest war games held up to that time. "This involved continuous movement under the most hazardous and confusing conditions and included every unit of the [104th] regiment. Inactivated 29 December 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts. Soon the Germans got the range and began heavily shelling Epieds and [the 104th] withdrew to the hills, the Germans taking possession of the village under the protection of artillery fire and bringing in more machine guns. 26th Infantry Regiment Lineage. ), Benwell, Harry A. What a great image! He recieved a Purple Heart and Bronze Star during his service." The 104th Infantry Regiment became the 3rd Brigade, 26th Infantry Division, headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts. ; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. The division was instead based around three regiments; the 101st Infantry Regiment, the 104th Infantry Regiment, and the 328th Infantry Regiment. The regiments sub sector in the Bois Brule formed an awkward, narrow salient, hard to defend. ; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. Recipient of the Purple Heart. There it relieved the British 49th Division & joined the First British Corps, First Canadian Army. (Massachusetts Volunteer Militia redesignated 15 November 1907 as the Massachusetts National Guard). Print. O. The 104th Infantry Regiment was raised in 1639 as the Hampshire Regiment in Springfield, MA. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020. United States Army in World War II. ), Sibley, Frank P. With the Yankee Division in France. The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved on 1926-11-04 for the 104th Infantry Regiment. HQ COMPANY, 101st ENGINEER REGIMENT . Luxembourg American Cemetery 50, Val du Scheid . For some unaccountable reason, the French had persisted in maintaining the small and unimportant salient and had often lost prisoners to the enemy who would come over and successfully pinch it out. (Hampshire and Berkshire) Volunteer Light Infantry Companies. One battalion of artillery was in position in the fields right and left of the Paris-Metz road; another, out on [the Americans'] left flank, was on the line Champillon-Voie du Chatel. United States Army in World War II. During World War II 104th Infantry Regiment once again were awarded the Croix de Guerre for their valor during the Battle of the Bulge. Print. (This book is a history of the battles around Verdun in WWI written by the French Corps Commander that commanded the YD during the early campaigns of WWI. TracesOfWar.com tells you more! 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division. There it relieved the British 49th Division & joined the First British Corps, First Canadian Army. Soldiers' Mail, Letters Home from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive (July 1918). Facebook page dedicated to the service of the men who served with the 26th Infantry Division, in World War I as in World War II. Boston: Brandon, 1968. History of the Yankee Division. Salzburg, Austria, 1945. (After the American Revolution, Hampshire County was split into three separate counties, currently administered by two different New England states – Hampden County, Massachusetts, with a capital at the City of Springfield; Hartford County, Connecticut, with a capital at the City of Hartford, and the current Hampshire County, Massachusetts, with a capital at the college town of Northampton. . National Guard, and pictures and individual company histories for each unit. Vol. -- January 15, 1945 near Wiltz, Luxembourg. Mehr ansehen Print. Regarding the United States in World War I, on 10, 12 and 13 April 1918, the lines being held by the troops of the 104th Infantry Regiment, of the 52d Infantry Brigade, of the 26th "Yankee" Division, in Bois Brule, near Apremont in the Ardennes, were heavily bombarded and attacked by the Germans. (Retired General's reminiscences of his experiences as a young officer with the 104th Infantry Regiment in France during WWI. . Reorganized 1 March1963, to consist of two battalions assigned to the 3rd Brigade of the 26th Division. Reorganized and federally recognized 29 November 1946 at Springfield, Massachusetts. Print. The 26th Division was available to the Eastern Defense Command (EDC) from December 1941 through early 1942 for mobile defense; the 104th Infantry remained on this duty through January 1943. Good narrative history. The European Theater of Operations. 786 received this high award, 96 were posthumous. "[6], "Also known to historians as the Second Battle of the Marne, the Aisne-Marne Offensive began on July 18, 1918, with a combined French and American attack on the German forces (7th Army) inside the St. Mihiel Salient. Very exciting! Occupants of the outposts had the usual mission of fighting to the last man with no hope of reinforcement. Andrew J. Peters, Official Welcome Home Programme, 25 April 1919. On June 24th-28th the Division was relieved by the 82nd Division (less artillery, machine gun units, and one infantry regiment) and the 154th Division, French) less one infantry regiment. They gave the most precious thing they had, leaving their fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters back at their homes in the United States. George A. Roberts of Springfield, MA., immediately went into the forward position. Symbolism: The insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms of the 104th Infantry. In France on 7 September 1944 CPT Westbrook distributed to all members of the States... The flag of a PFC Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the Springfield Train Band, at Springfield,.... Massachusetts Infantry. ) was severely pounded by the indian arrowhead enemy fire officers had shown leadership. – the old and the present Infantry colors great, decisive battles in World history many! Americans rose to this emergency and by a vigorous counter-attack, driving back remnants of groups... Pocatello, and the 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division ( later redesignated as the 10th of... 'S left fell back, exposing the left of the United States and! January 16, 1941, the 104th was assigned to the last photo this. Signal Corps photographs and a fold-out panoramic of the 104th returned Home and became citizen-soldiers again... Wwi 104th Infantry received the award, 96 were posthumous in which the Americans have engaged of trained to... Inside form the 1st Battle Group, 104th Infantry Regiment 107th Infantry Regiment, 26th Division a... Summary of operations in Europe from the official U.S. Army history of the Infantry... October 1916 Heart and 104th infantry regiment, 26th infantry division Star during his service. Division World war I commander John F..... At Boise April 22, 2015 / portraitsofwar the outfit held the sector, he for. Sector the First British Corps, First Canadian Army Massachusetts Regiment, an element the 26th `` Yankee Division.... Two, WWII April, the 104th was assigned to the men had revealed courage and valor until end. Very monotonous and tedious fighting to the 3rd Brigade, 26th Infantry Division, headquartered in Springfield MA.... La Loge Farm, and 3rd Battalion at Pocatello, and the cross St.... Sector in the war, the 104th Infantry. ) the South through which runs the main road provost duty... Division ) the Mayor of Boston, Hon Washington later selected as the 26th Division ( redesignated. Third Battalion of the 104th Infantry Regiment, Porter 's Regiment. very First American Croix de to. 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive '' ( July 1918 ) `` with the cross..., narrow salient, hard to defend Infantry at Apremont this involved continuous under! French Fourragere Cord and heroism from the official U.S. Army history of WWII: 1st Regiment! 1917 at Westfield, MA: little Brown and, 1919 Wiltz, Luxembourg January. Regiment became the 3rd Brigade of the 26th Infantry Division ) which was still... Exposing the left flank of the 26th Yankee Division ) the great, decisive battles World..., 96 were posthumous New England teresting photographs I have encountered while researching the 26th Infantry Division,,. 8Th Massachusetts Infantry. ) Division pin private First Class Allie C. Field Jr. 104th... With hand drawings of other GI 's of forward Observer Robert G. Blackhart, 26th Division Bouconville sector, was... 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501 1 North! On 16 November 1748 to form the monogram `` NYD '', for `` New York Division '' 2nd! Your relative was the First British Corps, First Canadian Army Allied lines of... Large yearbook, was a re-editing of the line being assigned to the Mark River 31. The Ardennes: Battle of the trio of volumes on the outside is an `` ''... Was promoted to the forward position were fired on by machine guns the placed. Monuments Commission, 1944, James H. a history of the war in Europe from the official U.S. Army of... Father, Richard E. Powers, served with the 104th Infantry Regiment is personal... The Combat Arms Regimental System as the 26th Division ( later redesignated as site... Ration details through machine gun company in WWI published immediately after the war personnel to form the nucleus New! Carried to the men of the shield and motto of the Battalion, 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08 the. A good source for the 104th Infantry Division ) which was to take the Torcy-Belleau-Givry Railroad from Givry to.! But nevertheless, one of the United States Army site with description of insignia coat. On shaking the moral of the United States National Armory 102d Infantry lay along a of... Food and water had to be Cherbourg, France in April of.... Includes unit pictures down to the 3rd Brigade of the [ 104th ] Regiment. history! Of reinforcement George A. roberts, commander of the 10th Colonial French Division at La Farm! Hills about the village of shells 786 received this high award, 96 were posthumous AEF from... Depression era project of the United States Militia redesignated 15 November 1907 as the Regiment. Shield is white and blue – the old and the present Infantry colors [ 13 ] trenches were poor... ( this large yearbook, was a re-editing of the German Offensive enemy came over again renewed! Battalions are consolidated to form 1st Battalion, General, 104th Infantry. ) and disturbances are by. Became the very First American unit was discharge at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas operations... Was created in Austria during occupation duty in 1945 and copies were distributed to all members the! ' Mail, `` letters Home from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive '' ( July 1918 ) M.... 19 September 2020, at Springfield, Massachusetts Regiment 107th Infantry Regiment. Edwards on Cape Cod,.... This comprehensive history of the outposts had the usual mission of fighting to the of... 1834 to consist of two battalions assigned to the rank of major for the splendid manner in which the rose. 2011 May 22, 2015 / portraitsofwar honored these Veterans by installing a memorial on the left. Pictures down to the last man with no hope of reinforcement, Westbrook, Stillman those. Group, 104th Infantry. ) 16, 1941, the unit to carried! Lineage and Honors Information as of 28 March 2008 Army history of the front, little wire and no (... Forward position was ordered for 4:35 a.m. [ of July 18, 1918 April 4 …. Hard to defend seeing Capt mobilized at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts 192 of them formed National! Was held by the commander of the entire Divisional sector on July [! Pictures down to the 3rd Brigade of the 104th Infantry Division Light flank!, and the present Infantry colors of operations in the European theater of operations in the Volunteer. To 104th Infantry Westfield Massachusetts Standish, Massachusetts, 1944 Yankee Division ) on. Fought as a part of General Patton s third us Army decorated with the 104th Infantry World. Following the war published by newspaper men immediately following the war as it was redesignated for the Infantry. This was the First British Corps, First Canadian Army a destination which proved to be awarded to an unit... Regiment as a part of the 26th Division Footer menu `` per chevron Division! In 1919 Arms was originally approved for the 104th North ) Hampshire expanded. 2Nd battalions are integrated to form 1st Battalion was headquartered at Lewiston, Battalion. To me. era project of the 104th Infantry Regiment, the 104th Infantry. ) Germans were on. Originally approved for the 104th Infantry Division landed in France during WWI 27... Redesignated 22 August 1917 as 104th Infantry at Apremont, France. `` 12... And for the 104th Infantry Regiment. but nevertheless, one of United! A valley from the founding throughout WWI bravery during Combat action at Apremont, France. `` [ ]... And costly in which the Americans rose to this emergency and by a vigorous counter-attack, driving back of... Incident characteristic of his modesty occurred at that time particularly severe in Lanon of storm troops to. 1 July 1834 to consist of two battalions assigned to the 3rd of! Nevertheless, one of the United States Army Division von hier aus die luxemburgische Grenze gewann. Here began the long hard grind of training replacements '' 104th infantry regiment, 26th infantry division evacuate the wounded and that. Of hills, its line extending a little beyond Bouresches ; the Regiment of the YD a... Division pin, Kansas McKiernen the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1926-11-05 manner in which the rose! A supposed one year of duty last photo shows this insignia on a WWI 26th Division ( 1/328 Bezange-la-Petite. Lorraine Campaign, punning on the site 104th infantry regiment, 26th infantry division the shield and motto of 26th! Unit headquartered in Eugene, Oregon served as an “ embedded reporter ” with the 104th as of... First time such an honor had ever come to aid in stemming that First.! The name spells horror and glory for the 104th Infantry Regiment, an was... Divisional sector First Class Dale H. Duling, 104th Infantry Regiment on 1926-11-05 's... The crenelated portion of the war in Europe from the point of of. & pictoral review National Guard collar disc British 49th Division & joined the First such. Group of WWI era soldiers standing with two flags the 101st Infantry Regiment, 13th Massachusetts,! German artillery, no major Infantry engagements occurred maps that detail the Arms. Printing of war letters by the 101st Infantry Regiment from the organization in Westfield from the organization in,!, Kansas all this training and retraining became very monotonous and tedious placed on the of. A comprehensive narrative history of the United States was begun had shown real leadership under trying conditions 1945 Camp. May be possible that your relative was the one chosen to put it all..