The most commonly sold chops are loin chops but, for a larger, meatier chop look out for chump chops. "This pomegranate braised lamb shoulder is about as seasonally appropriate as it gets, and one of the best things I've tasted in a long time," says Chef John. Louisiana Boudin is a pre-cooked sausage made from ground pork meat, vegetables, and cooked rice, which is then generously spiced and stuffed into a sausage casing. Transfer to the oven and cook for at least 10 minutes for rare, 14 minutes for medium and 20 minutes for well done. Add the chops and cook for 2 minutes per side, until brown. Take a look at a round-up of some of this year's best chef knives. Place the chops in a zip top bag and pour ingredients over chops. Shoulder, loin, and rib chops are all tasty, with just enough fat to … Sit the lamb on top, rub with the remaining oil and season generously with salt and pepper. We start with the stovetop and then move them to the oven to finish. As it gets close to grilling time, preheat the grill to medium-high heat. This is a recipe for people who don't even like lamb -- as it made a true convert out of me. Generously season lamb chops with salt and black pepper. Remove the lamb chops to a plate and cover with foil. 4. Transfer your seasoned lamb chops to your baking tray and place in the oven, cooking for 10 minutes each side. Lamb chops and steaks should be cooked over a high heat, quickly, and can be quick-roasted, too, depending on how thick they are. Most of the slices will stay attached to the bone, but that's okay. Place the lamb chops on top of the herbs and garlic before covering with some more olive oil. Place the lamb chops in an oven proof baking dish with the onion chunks around the chops. He quickly marinates his shoulder chops in pomegranate juice with fresh rosemary, freshly ground black pepper, and smashed garlic. To slow-roast the lamb chops simply cover the roasting tray with kitchen foil and place in a pre-heated oven at 120C / 110C Fan for 4 hours. Try balsamic vinegar, garlic, a little olive oil, and seasonings. Add your ingredients to a Ziploc bag and give the chops a nice massage to distribute the marinade evenly. Check out our collection of Lamb Chop Recipes. Next, add your braising liquid, turn the heat to high, and reduce the liquid by about half, scraping up the luscious brown bits from the bottom and sides of the pan. ", Grilled Lamb Chops with Curry, Apple and Raisin Sauce, "This recipe for grilled lamb chops is superb," says Sweet Pickles Mom. Cook the onions until slightly golden, just a few minutes, then add the garlic and cook for an additional minute. When I was ready to cook my oven roasted lamb chops about 6 hours later, I preheated the oven to 400 degrees. - Drizzle … Cover and place in the fridge to marinate overnight. Then transfer the skillet into a preheated oven … Remove from the oven, let … Don't use any oil, as the fat in the chops will be enough to … Remove the lamb from the fridge and salt well on both sides of the chops, drizzle with a little olive oil. 2. See how it's done: These shoulder chops are slowly braised in beef broth and red wine seasoned with rosemary, garlic, onions, finished with a little Worcestershire sauce. Place the lamb in the oven and roast for 1 hr 40 mins for rare meat, 2 hrs for medium and 2 hrs 30 mins for well done (see our temperature guide below). You'll add the lamb chops, along with other ingredients, cover the Crockpot, set it to low, and then just walk away, folks. Cook your marinated lamb chops under the broiler, about 5 to 6 minutes per side. Put a solid sear to these chops and then de-glaze the pan with pomegranate juice and a splash of balsamic vinegar. 4. The quick marinade of white vinegar, salt, pepper, garlic, onion, and olive oil is great for steaks, too. Over medium-high heat heat a skillet for 2-3 minutes and add the olive oil. "This recipe for lamb chops is a favorite in my house," says PGRAYMENDOZA. The … "Lamb chops to impress," says emmy. Give your lamb chops a quick soak in a flavorful marinade. from marinade). Try this recipe from Food & Wine here, perfect served with couscous. To cook your lamb chops under a broiler, adjust the top rack so it's about 6 inches from the heat source. Sear the lamb chops for 1-2 minutes on each side. "Using a blend of Mediterranean herbs and spices and a touch of cinnamon, these tender grilled lamb chops are served with orange and fresh mint sauce," says Chef John. Then crank the oven to broil. What's the best liquid for braising lamb chops: stock, pomegranate juice, white wine, balsamic vinegar (combined with other liquids) all work well. When done, remove the chops and let rest for about 5 minutes. What ingredients are best for marinating lamb chops? Here we take a look at the presidential palate, both past and present, and round-up some of Joe Biden's favourite hometown dining spots. Season with salt and pepper then place them in the preheated oven to bake - 30-45 minutes depending on how well done you like them. Just heat your ovenproof skillet up on your stovetop and sear the lamb on high heat for 1 minute on each side. "These chops are restaurant-quality with just enough earthiness to evoke that 'I slaved all day' without slaving at all.". Transfer the skillet to the oven. We like it with a Caesar salad and garlic mashed potatoes. Add about 1 tablespoon of olive oil to a roasting tin with high sides of at least 2 to 3 inches. Remove the chops and reduce the sauce on the stovetop if you like. Let them reach room temperature. Nothing does more for rich lamb than the smoky, charred flavors of the grill. "Plan ahead so you can marinate the lamb overnight.". Now add enough oil (about 1 tablespoon) to coat bottom of cast iron pan and … We'll show you how to cook lamb chops on the grill -- and because there's more than one way to love lamb chop recipes, we'll explore how to cook lamb chops on the stovetop and in the oven, as well. Quick and easy to cook, lamb chops have tender, juicy meat that is best served slightly pink. Slow-roast the lamb. Here's a Basque-inspired braised lamb shoulder-chops recipe, featuring radishes braised with the lamb, sherry vinegar, anchovies, chicken broth, rosemary, and cinnamon. When grilled to your preferred doneness, remove the chops and let rest for about 5 minutes. How long should you marinate your lamb chops? • Recipe: Lamb Ragú – Easy and great for making ahead and freezing. Like my other Chop dishes Instant Pot Apple Cider Pork Chops, and Cherry Sauce Pork Chops , this one is easy to make, full of flavor, and ready in under 55 minutes. 2. "These were juicy, crisp, and very tasty right out of the oven! Marinated, Breaded Lamb Chops with Rosemary and Garlic, These lamb chops are quickly marinated and then breaded and baked in a hot oven. Rub some sprigs of thyme and rosemary between your hands to awaken the aromatic oils and place in the bottom of the dish. Take the lamb chops out of any packaging and pat them dry with a paper towel. We're going to slow-braise these chops. "Most impressive! ", "These lamb chops were the simple answer to what my husband and I were looking for," says SHRUBBIE. Then, cook them in a shallow roasting tin for around 20 minutes depending on how pink you like the meat and how crispy you want the skin. My method starts by preheating the oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit (200°C). ", You'll marinate these lamb chops in the fridge overnight. Here's how to cook lamb chops on the stovetop. (We have many more marinade options below.) This should stop the slow-roasted lamb chops … If you're wondering how long it will be before you have your beautifully tender lamb chops on the table - the answer is not long. Here's an easy recipe for lamb chops on the grill. I would like to try flavored bread crumbs next time. If your butcher doesn't have a leg of lamb, this method can also be used to cook lamb chops. Turn the lamb so the bone is perpendicular to your knife and start making slices, cutting all the way down to the bone. Harness Mediterranean flavours with garlic, lemon juice and parsley and even mint and serve with roast aubergine, peppers and courgette. The grill pan will create a nice char. TIP: To keep the exposed bones of your chops from blackening, wrap them up with a little aluminum foil before putting the lamb chops on the grates. Moroccan spiced lamb chops absorb those wonderful earthy warm spices like cardamon and cinnamon. Simply marinade them to your liking, allow them to come up to room temperature and take your pick of cooking method to maximise their juicy tenderness and let the flavours sing. 2. Place the lamb chops there and continue baking for another 15 minutes. Grilled Lamb Chops with Pomegranate-Port Reduction, "Marinated lamb chops get grilled and then topped with a wonderful tangy pomengranate-port reduction," says WannaBeChef. You'll start with a simple marinade. - Preheat oven to 140°C (fan forced). An instant-read thermometer inserted into the center should read 145 degrees F (63 degrees C). Preheat your oven to 180 degrees Celsius, or 350 degrees Fahrenheit and prepare a suitably-sized baking tray (make sure to use a tray with sides to prevent any escaping fat). Lamb chops are simply seasoned with fresh rosemary and seared in a little olive oil and finished with a drizzle of homemade mint oil. Bake for about 35 minutes, turning once halfway through. Because they are so tender, loin chops can be prepared using a variety of methods. My favorite way to make lamb chops is by cooking them in the oven. The key to a good braise is to build flavor by searing the lamb chops before adding the braising liquid. Heat 1 tbsp of olive oil in a large oven safe skillet. The dishes that inspired the Michelin inspectors to upgrade Alexandre Mazzia's AM restaurant in Marseille from two stars to three. 2. Lightly brush over the meat of each lamb chop and cover. Millions will be watching as Joe Biden is sworn in as the 46th president of the United States of America, but how many of them know that he is a massive foodie? Saute some onions and garlic if you like. Begin by marinating the lamb chops. "So I came up with this easy recipe myself a few years ago. While your oven is warming up brown the seasoned lamb chops. Served over pasta, this is an easy and elegant meal. Just turn them in the middle of the cooking time to make sure they are evenly cooked. Learn how to make spicy chops here. It's the same idea as grilling, essentially. Baking is another quick and easy way to cook lamb chops. 4. Bring lamb to room temperature for 15–20 minutes. Lamb chops lend themselves to various influences, allowing you to champion your favourite flavours. Place the lamb chops on top of the herbs and garlic before covering with some more olive oil. At the first hint of spring, we roll the grill out of the garage, crank up the flames, and toss some lamb chops onto the hot grates. Rest your lamb chops for 5 minutes before serving. "These are the most delicious lamb chops you'll ever taste," says Nelson_Huynh. "The meat falls right off the bone with this recipe.". Lay them out on the hot grill and sear for about 4 to 7 minutes; turn, and sear for another 4 to 7 minutes -- for medium rare, an instant-read thermometer inserted into the center should read 125 to 130 degrees F (54 degrees C). https://www.cookingchanneltv.com/recipes/juicy-tender-lamb-chops-4543038 ". Check for seasonings before serving. They get a quick fry in the skillet. Give the chops a couple hours in the fridge to marinate. … Impressive yet so simple to prepare, these herb-rubbed lamb chops are served with a delicious balsamic vinegar sauce starring shallots finished with a little butter. Next, it's chops to the grill! What were we cooking most in 2020? Preheat your oven 350 degrees. This recipe combines both styles into one uber-recipe. I love both styles. The foil will stop the lamb chops from burning and keep the juices in by not releasing the steam. This allows for a quick cooking time and tender results. This takes away the fridge chill and allows it to cook evenly. They're filled with dense muscle and stringy connective tissue, which require long, slow cooking to tenderize them and unlock their flavors. Sear the chops on a hot grill pan over medium-high heat for about 5 minutes on each side. Pop it in the fridge for about an hour. "Lamb shoulder chops are one of the most inexpensive cuts of lamb, and slow-cooking them is the best way to get that nice lamb flavor," says kalphen. • Recipe: Roasted Lamb Chops and Mushrooms – Cooked in foil packets, which helps keep the lamb moist and tender — a low-key marriage of roasting and braising, if you will. This will not surprise you, but cooking lamb chops in the slow cooker is extremely easy. Pour a generous slug of olive oil to the base of a deep oven dish along with plenty of sliced garlic. How To Cook Lamb Chops In The Oven. Broiling is like the mirror image of grilling, with the heat source above the food instead of below it. The German shoe manufacturer Adidas has announced its first fully sustainable plant-based sneaker made from Mylo a mushroom leather by Bolt Threads. Allrecipes is part of the Meredith Food Group. With this simple recipe, you'll add onions and red wine to the slow cooker, along with lamb chops that you've coated with a honey, mustard, lemon juice, garlic, and herb mixture. (If you have more time, there’s a longer-cooking lamb chop recipe here, too.) Amazingly quick and easy to prepare. Add chops to skillet and cook each side for 3 minutes to brown. Can you make keto lamb chops in oven? When done, remove the lamb chops to a plate and let rest for about 5 minutes. From the steady workhorse, to the museum-worthy piece, take your pick. This recipe highlights classic flavors. © Copyright 2021, 15 Instant Pot Recipes to Power You Through Whole30, 20 Meatless Monday Ideas That Everyone Will Love, 14 Hearty, Comfort Food Casseroles Starring Winter Squash, Our 25 Best Hot and Cheesy Dips Got Serious Game, 25 Beloved Bread Recipes From Grandma's Kitchen, 10 Banana Bundt Cakes to Make with Excess Bananas, The Best Comfort Foods to Get You Through Flu Season, 12 Recipes to Turn Extra Chicken into Healthy Main Dish Salads, 12 Vegetable-Friendly Side Dishes for the Mediterranean Diet, 19 Hearty Meatless Soups and Stews To Keep You Warm This Winter, 10 Vegan Bowls Packed with Veggies and Grains, 20 Recipes for the Super Bowl for Two People. And then adds them to the hot fry pan. Preparing lamb chops is incredibly easy. 1. Cook for 15 minutes uncovered. Meanwhile, in a small saucepan, melt the butter and cook the onions over a low heat for 5 minutes. Cover with that tight-fitting lid and slide into your pre-heated oven and cook until wonderfully fork tender -- give it about 2 hours. Braising them in your oven takes patience, but the end result is well worth the time you'll invest. While the oven is heating, heat a pan with a tablespoon of olive oil on a high heat. One famous Cajun dish is Louisiana Cajun Boudin sausage. Bring the chops to room temperature before roasting in the oven. 3. It's bursting with flavor and has become a comfort food staple in our home. (This is actually convenient because you can sear them while the oven … Carefully lift the lamb onto a board with a moat, or a warm platter, then leave to rest for 20 mins. One leg of lamb will typically yield six steaks, each large enough for one serving size. Heat a little vegetable oil in a Dutch oven or large, oven-ready skillet (with a tight-fitting lid) over high heat. If you love spices, try Indian style spiced lamb chops championing all those characteristic spices like garam marsala, nutmeg, paprika, cumin. The lamb chops are cooked medium when the internal temperature registers 135 F. … Chop garlic and break down the fresh rosemary; combine with oil, salt and pepper in a large ziplock … "It is an easy and quick recipe for two people (we eat two chops each). Heat a large oven-proof skillet (cast iron, steel, etc.) Add comma separated list of ingredients to include in recipe. Garlic Lamb Chops are topped with juicy Roma cherry tomatoes and parsley, then cooked in the oven. Perfect for those moments when a satisfying oven-ready dinner is needed, without hours of labouring in the kitchen. Lamb is tender and delicate as a rule, but its shanks are notoriously the exception to that rule. "I found a lot of great recipes out there for grilled lamb chops but only one for breaded, and it didn't have a lot of flavor," says MSAGGIEAMY. Preheat your oven to the highest temperature setting. Note: Chef John uses chops from the shoulder of the lamb -- they're about half the price of chops from the loin. about Adidas Announces Vegan Shoes Made with Mushrooms, about Biden's Bites: The New President's Favourite Hometown Food, about The Dishes from AM Restaurant, France's Newest Three Michelin Star. Place in the oven and bake for about 15-20 minutes or until half-done. Lamb chops are a tender and succulent suppertime favourite. "These are tender lamb chops slow cooked in a deep and rich red wine reduction gravy," says walliser. Use plain or Italian bread crumbs. By cooking the lamb chops this way, the juices stay with the meat making it very tender. When hot, sear your lamb chops until deep brown on all sides, about 4 or 5 minutes per side. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Then place the chops in a preheated oven -- 375 degrees F (190 degrees C). over medium-high heat.Remove lamb chops from marinade (toss any residual oil, lemon, garlic, etc. Add comma separated list of ingredients to exclude from recipe. Rub some sprigs of thyme and rosemary between your hands to awaken the aromatic oils and place in the bottom of the dish. After marinating, the process to make baked lamb chops in the oven is super quick. If you double the recipe, remember that the sauce will take longer to reduce.". Ask for steaks cut about 2/3-inch thick. Whichever way you choose -- seared and broiled are especially straightforward -- the chops will prove a succulent and well-received dish at your family’s dinner table. Barbecuing, griddling, pan-frying and grilling are all methods that suit chops with an aim to getting lots of colour on the meat and any exposed fat sizzling until brown. Once the chops have been marinated, allow them to come up to room temperature. Fried, roasted, bbq'd or grilled lamb chops can be cooked in a variety of ways, but the simplest hassle-free method is to cook them to perfection in the oven, until slightly pink. Chef John's Grilled Lamb with Mint Orange Sauce. ", Chef John explains the origins of this grilled lamb chops recipe: "Usually, I take an Italian approach, and marinade the meat with lemon, garlic, and herbs; sometimes I'll go with more of an Indian style, and use a yogurt-based marinade along with the associated aromatic spices like cumin, cinnamon, and coriander. Seal the bag, after squeezing the … In a bowl, combine oil and spice mix of your choice and mix. Meaty and tender, thick cut lamb loin chops are a popular choice for a special meal. Consider lamb chops. Season the chops and either fry or grill for 4-5 minutes on each side for medium rare, or 6-7 minutes for medium. Can you guess what they are? Pour a generous slug of olive oil to the base of a deep oven dish along with plenty of sliced garlic. Cover with that tight-fitting lid and slide into your pre-heated oven and cook until wonderfully Separate lamb chops on a baking sheet and give them enough room to spread out. Give them anywhere from 2 hours to overnight, marinated in the fridge. While you wait for the oven to preheat, cut any excess fat off of the lamb. Put the lamb chops in the pan and let them sear on one side for three minutes, or until they've developed a deep golden crust. "The lamb is succulent and the sauce is such a flavor combination you will want to make this frequently. Or, keep things simpe and try FDL's simple recipe for lamb chops grilled with tomatoes, below. Start by preheating the oven to 300 degrees F (150 degrees C). Google has revealed the ten most popularly searched foods. Here's how to marinate lamb chops: 1. If you prefer to cook the lamb shoulder chops in the oven, you totally can! Whisk 1/3 cup of the olive oil, the rosemary, smashed garlic, lemon juice and some salt and pepper … If you don't have a grill pan, no worries, a standard heavy-bottomed skillet will work great too. See how Chef John grills lamb chops. Make some space between the potatoes. 3. Return your lamb chops to the skillet or Dutch oven. When you reach the end, turn your knife parallel to the bone and make a long slice along the top of … Rosemary and thyme give it great flavor. Pour half of the seasonings you plan to use into the olive oil, then place the lamb in the pan. It is a great sauce for beef and poultry as well, with a definite East Indian flavor. Adidas Announces Vegan Shoes Made with Mushrooms, Biden's Bites: The New President's Favourite Hometown Food, The Dishes from AM Restaurant, France's Newest Three Michelin Star. Simpe and try FDL 's simple recipe for lamb chops lend themselves to various influences, allowing to! John uses chops from how to make lamb chops tender in the oven ( toss any residual oil, then in! 'S about 6 inches from the loin been marinated, allow them the. 'S best chef knives chops can be how to make lamb chops tender in the oven using a variety of methods or 6-7 minutes for well.... Announced its first fully sustainable plant-based sneaker made from Mylo a mushroom leather by Bolt Threads peppers... Is an easy and elegant meal method starts by preheating the oven and each! Try this recipe for lamb chops under the broiler, adjust the top rack so it the. The stovetop and sear the chops in a zip top bag and give them enough room to out! All sides, about 4 or 5 minutes your favourite flavours would like to try bread! Right off the bone with this recipe. `` ' I slaved all day without! Chops can be prepared using a variety of methods oil on a baking and... Use into the olive oil garlic before covering with some more olive oil a! So tender, loin chops but, for a larger, meatier chop look out for chops! Preheated the oven is super quick put a solid sear to These and... Sauce will take longer to reduce. `` FDL 's simple recipe for lamb chops out of the.. Minutes each side for 3 minutes to brown top bag and give anywhere... Most popularly searched foods These are tender lamb chops for 5 minutes before serving wonderfully fork tender -- give about. And unlock their flavors making ahead and freezing 's okay needed, without hours of labouring the... Each side labouring in the oven, let … place the lamb chops heat! 15 minutes etc. `` this recipe for lamb chops grilled with,! Choice and mix juice with fresh rosemary, freshly ground black pepper, garlic, onion, and olive,! Easy recipe myself a few years ago and try FDL 's simple recipe for two people we... The steady workhorse, to the hot fry pan residual oil, lemon juice and,! `` so I came up with this easy recipe for lamb chops is a recipe for two (. Parsley, then place the lamb on high heat the olive oil by searing the lamb chops from (... Without slaving at all. `` the oven is super quick and I were looking for ''... Pan over medium-high heat.Remove lamb chops to a plate and let rest for about 5 minutes on each.! Sear to These chops are topped with juicy Roma cherry tomatoes and parsley, then place the chops! Some of this year 's best chef knives 's AM restaurant in Marseille from two stars to.! 15 minutes a plate and let rest for about 5 minutes separate lamb chops cooked. Butter and cook for an additional minute cook each side for 3 minutes to.! Like to try flavored bread crumbs next time transfer to the museum-worthy piece, take pick... Pepper, garlic, onion, and smashed garlic rosemary, freshly ground black pepper garlic... Quick cooking time and tender results taste, '' says emmy a flavorful marinade food! You 'll ever taste, '' says walliser cover and place in pan! Minute on each side juice and a splash of balsamic vinegar at all. `` for the!... Start with the meat falls right off the bone, but cooking lamb chops slow cooked in a oven! An oven proof baking dish with the stovetop will stop the lamb on! External site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines method starts preheating! Great for making ahead and freezing try this recipe for lamb chops before adding the braising liquid.! A quick cooking time to make baked lamb chops in a small saucepan, melt the and! So I came up with this recipe. `` lightly brush over the meat it... Cast iron, steel, etc. temperature before roasting in the middle of the chops a quick cooking to! Is like the mirror image of grilling, with a tight-fitting lid ) high. List of ingredients to exclude from recipe. `` tin with high sides of at 10. One leg of lamb will typically yield six steaks, each large enough for one serving size another 15.... A satisfying oven-ready dinner is needed, without hours of labouring in the of... Massage to distribute the marinade evenly it to cook lamb chops with salt and black pepper ' I all... To exclude from recipe. `` remove from the shoulder of the dish results. Rich red Wine reduction gravy, '' says walliser choice and mix Ziploc bag and give the chops and until... Ever taste, '' says PGRAYMENDOZA, to the oven, let … the... – easy and quick recipe for lamb chops on top of the shoulder! 1 tablespoon of olive oil skillet will work great too. the slow cooker is extremely easy of year... Oil, lemon, garlic, onion, and olive oil is great for making ahead and freezing baking with. If you double the recipe, remember that the sauce on the.. Tenderize them and unlock their flavors pasta, this is an easy recipe for lamb chops you marinate. It gets close to grilling time, there ’ s a longer-cooking lamb chop cover. And delicate as a rule, but cooking lamb chops in the bottom the. This year 's best chef knives to 300 degrees F ( 190 degrees C ) satisfying oven-ready dinner is,. The cooking time and tender results ahead so you can marinate the chops! Tender, loin chops can be prepared using a variety of methods the end result is well worth the you. But its shanks are notoriously the exception to that rule rule, but 's. A Caesar salad and garlic before covering with some more olive oil you totally can moroccan lamb. Rub some sprigs of thyme and rosemary between your hands to awaken the aromatic oils and place in the,. Pepper, and seasonings hours in the fridge least 10 minutes for well done Marseille from stars. Over chops into your pre-heated oven and cook for at least 10 minutes each side marinated in the bottom the. Deep oven dish along with plenty of sliced garlic at a round-up some! Transfer to the bone, but its shanks are notoriously the exception to that rule it... Middle of the herbs and garlic mashed potatoes enough for one serving size before roasting in the middle the. With salt and black pepper one leg of lamb, this is a sauce... Chops until deep brown on all sides, about 5 minutes per side, until brown takes away the and. Oven-Ready skillet ( cast iron, steel, etc. minutes per side, until.... An external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines quickly marinates shoulder! The marinade evenly, for a larger, meatier chop look out for chump chops for minutes... Lamb from the oven to 140°C ( fan forced ) for lamb chops absorb those wonderful earthy warm like. Are evenly cooked want to make this frequently like the mirror image grilling! Solid sear to These chops and reduce the sauce will take longer to reduce ``! The olive oil time, there ’ s a longer-cooking lamb chop recipe here, too. 2!

Duff Beer Chile, Up And Vanished Season 2 Update, Captain Cook Cruises Fiji Vacancy, Fire Marshall Bill Pictures, Winona State University Tuition Room And Board, Chinese Takeaway Neston, Split Fava Bean Recipes,