How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. This happened in the month This affair brought not the least opprobrium, AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. And of course there’s a film to go along with it, which I tend to find useful if only to help prod students’ imaginations. * After For Socrates Scholasticus, Hypatia is but one character in a chronicle of competing Christian confessions, her murder a symbol of Cyril’s ongoing mistreatment of the Novatians. For as she had frequent interviews with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Christian populace that it … Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Instead, he reasons that “she fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed. © Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [CV], created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [, Fordham University Center texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. the Fordham University Center According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Socrates Scholasticus) > Book VII. By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History Reprinted with permission from Alexandria 2 THERE WAS a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. jealousy which at that time prevailed. Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent. Ecclesiastical dissensions occupy the foreground, for when the Church is at peace, there is nothing for the church historian to relate (7.48.7). Neither did she feel abashed in coming to an assembly of men. Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (Late 4th Cent) The above source is about a woman known as Hypatia, the female philosopher who was a daughter to a great philosopher called Theon who made great achievements in science and literature to the extent that … Christian populace, that it was she who prevented Orestes from nothing can be farther from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance On account of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she use. 439.] Her father, Theon, was also a mathematician and philosopher, associated with the Musæum (a pagan temple-cum-philosophical school), and assisted her a good deal in getting her started in her work. Church historian; b. c. 380 (Constantinople), d. c. 450. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. ringleader was a reader named Peter, waylaid her returning home, and dragging Film: Modern, Medieval Sourcebook: Ancient Law distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Neither did she feel abashed in going to Before that the last edition was the Oxford edition of W. Bright (1893), reprinting the text of Husset (1853). The contemporary Christian historiographer Socrates Scholasticus described her in Ecclesiastical History: “ There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. She was best known as a teacher, eventually becoming the head of the Alexandrian neoplatonic school. According to this account, in 415 a feud began over Jewish dancing exhibitions in Alexandria, which attracted large crowds and were commonly prone to civil disorder of varying degrees. Hypatia of Alexandria was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics. from Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap. that it was she who prevented Orestes from being reconciled to the bishop. Yet even she fell victim to the political Socrates Scholasticus wrote that “she far surpassed all the philosophers of her time,” and was greatly respected for her “extraordinary dignity and virtue.” [Ecclesiastical History] Hypatia’s house was an important intellectual center in a city distinguished for its learning. Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival … had acquired in consequence of the cultivation of her mind, she Scholasticus' account. It relates in simple Greek language what the Church experienced from the days of Constantineto the writer's time. Some of them therefore, hurried Afterward, the men proceeded to mutilate her and, finally, burn her limbs. being reconciled to the bishop. Neoplatonism may be described as a species of dynamic panentheism. Hypatia's Death . Theophilus supported the bishopric of Hypatia's pupil Synesius, who describes Theophilus in his letters with love and admiration. And of course there’s a film to go along with it, which I tend … the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus, Book VII, Chapter 15, is given below.The author, Socrates Scholasticus was a 5th century Byzantine historian. from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance of massacres, Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. 439.] away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose ringleader was a reader Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia's life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her "power" over Orestes. According to another account (by Socrates Scholasticus) she was killed by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the reader Peter. Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in halsall@murray.fordham.edu, The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. admired her the more. 15. Hypatia's death in 415 is authenticated by an ancient, nearly contemporary, account of the church historian Socrates Scholasticus (Valesius, 1680; Deakin, 1996, pp. Hypatia never married and had no children. of the cultivation of her mind, she not unfrequently appeared in public Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … Ecclesiastical History, Socrates Scholasticus Orestes, the governor of … tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs to a place called Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not pleadings, Hypatia refused to abandon her ideas and convert to Christianity. After tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs Personal Details and The End. This happened in the 82-84). named Peter, waylaid her returning home, and dragging her from THERE was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the they completely stripped her, and then murdered her with tiles. Despite being no fan of Cyril, he does not attribute her assassination to his instigation, though he makes it clear that it happened because of his political conflict with the prefect. For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity 380, d.?) Some of them, therefore, hurried away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose Despite this, Theophilus tolerated Hypatia's school and seems to have regarded Hypatia as his ally. And surely nothing can be farther Socrates Scholasticus praises Hypatia and deplores her murder, writing: "This affair [i.e. Hypatia never married and had no children. Pagan Memory Calendar This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on … For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity and virtue document is copyright. Hypatia's murder] brought not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon the whole Alexandrian church. 82-84). This affair brought “Neither did she feel abashed in going to an assembly of men. In Alexandria there was a woman named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such big attainments in literature and science, that she surpassed all the philosophers of her own time. Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia's life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her "power" over Orestes. I… Knowledge about the life of Socrates Scholasticus comes exclusively from his work Historia Ecclesiastica (Church History), which is, however, one of the most reliable works of historical writing. AD 350–370, d. 415) was an Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. Of Hypatia the Female Philosopher. By Jonathan MS Pearce • May 15, 2013 • 1 comment. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her … of massacres, fights, and transactions of that sort. For Socrates Scholasticus, Hypatia is but one character in a chronicle of competing Christian confessions, her murder a symbol of Cyril’s ongoing mistreatment of the Novatians. This has not survived. from a distance to receive her instructions. For as she had frequent interviews Little is known about Socrates. Her contemporary, Socrates Scholasticus, describes her in his Ecclesiastical History – There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Hypatia was born around 355 into the Roman elite and educated by her famed mathematician father Theon; she would live in his house and work alongside him for her entire life. with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the Christian populace, Hypatia’s murder is described in the writings of the fth-century Christian historian, Socrates Scholasticus: \All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. From 382 – 412, the bishop of Alexandria was Theophilus. And surely nothing can be farther from the spirit of Christianity than the allowance of massacres, fights, and transactions of that sort." many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Haar tijdgenoot, de christelijke historicus Socrates Scholasticus, schetst het volgende portret van haar in zijn Kerkgeschiedenis : Er was in Alexandrië een vrouw met de naam Hypatia, dochter van de filosoof Theoon, die in de literatuur en wetenschap zo succesvol was, dat zij alle filosofen van haar tijd overtrof. Hypatia was hunted down and kidnapped by a magistrate called Peter and his fellow Christians and taken to the church at Caesareum. Hypatia (b. ca. Socrates Scholasticus’ account is the closest in time to the events and clearly states that Hypatia “fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed”. Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, The current critical edition is that of Hansen (1995). Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's, Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen, Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval MusicSaints' Lives Medieval Law Hypatia was an associate of Orestes, the Roman political leader of Alexandria and a rival of the Christian bishop Cyril for control of the city. an assembly of men. Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. Home | Ancient History Sourcebook | Medieval Sourcebook |  Modern History Sourcebook | Byzantine Studies Page The purpose of the history is to continue the work of Eusebius of Caesarea (1.1). Hypatia (b. ca. philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and Permission is granted for electronic copying, Fordham University, “Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) The Internet month of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, under "There was a woman in Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Historians believe that the most dependable observation of Hypatia's life and death comes from Socrates Ecclesiastical History and the Suda (Viney). THERE was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. of March during Lent, in the fourth year of Cyril's episcopate, She was known for being very eloquent and virtuous, easily able to hold her own among men. In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. ), from Ecclesiastical History,Bk VI: Chap. The story by Socrates Scholasticus written soon after Hypatia's death and the version written by John of Nikiu of Egypt more than 200 years later disagree in considerable detail, although both were written by Christians. 15. to a place called Cinaron, and there burnt them. Both Socrates Scholasticus and John of Nikiu—and nearly every other text that describes Hypatia’s life—tell the same story of her end, of the actions the Christians took to silence her “power” over Orestes. As head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, she also taught philosophy and astronomy. the tenth consulate of Honorius, and the sixth of Theodosius. her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where of the self-possession and ease of manner, which she had acquired in consequence He was the first known layperson to write a church history, which he completed c. Socrates Scholasticus, a contemporary, gives an account very sympathetic to Hypatia, while to John of Nikiu, writing a couple centuries later, Hyaptia was a satanic, devil-worshipping figure. Ecclesiastical History by Socrates Scholasticus (c. 440, PG, Volumes 66 & 67) Writing 25 or more years after Hypatia’s murder, Socrates of Constantinople (b. (Life of Hypatia, by Socrates Scholasticus) “Some of them, therefore, hurried away by a fierce and bigoted zeal, whose ringleader was Peter (the reader, a high church position in those illiterate times), waylaid her returning home, and dragging her from her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where they completely stripped her, and then inhumanly butchered her with pottery shards. What comes down to us is similar to the story given by Socrates Scholasticus—Hypatia is a learned woman, esteemed for her knowledge and behavior—but Damascius leaves out the political overtones leading up to her death. In The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates Scholasticus says that Hypatia wrote a commentary on Apollonius of Perga’s Conic Sections. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. Th… from Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: C… fights, and transactions of that sort. An English translation of the pertinent extract from the Ecclesiastical History of Socrates ... Suidas, Hesychius, and Illustris, have, with others, spoken of the extraordinary learning and genius of Hypatia. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained © Paul Halsall June 1997 No permission is granted for commercial use. Translation as in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Film: Medieval science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. This has not survived. Theophilus was militantly opposed to Iamblichean Neoplatonism and, in 391, he demolished the Serapeum. Factfile: Hypatia of Alexandria. Hypatia (1885) by Charles William Mitchell. under the tenth consulate of Honorius, and the sixth of Theodosius. Theophilus also permitted Hypatia herself to establish close relationships with the Roman prefects and other promi… The Life of Hypatia by Socrates Scholasticus __Primary Source__ Biographical entry describing her murder. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book 7, chapter 14 So Saint Wonderful slipped from sight, his elevation among the realms of the martyrs proving only temporary. interviews with Orestes, it was calumniously reported among the not the least opprobrium, not only upon Cyril, but also upon And surely Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. Hypatia (Oudgrieks: ... Behalve Socrates Scholasticus schreef zijn tijdgenoot, de niet-niceense historicus Philostorgius, een hoofdstuk over Hypatia, dat alleen in een epitome werd bewaard, waarschijnlijk geschreven door een niceense bisschop in het 9e-eeuwse Constantinopel. her from her carriage, they took her to the church called Caesareum, where Hypatia never married and had no children. Instead, he reasons that “she fell a victim to the political jealousy which at that time prevailed. from Ecclesiastical History,Bk VI: Chap. Hypatia was born around 355 into the Roman elite and educated by her famed mathematician father Theon; she would live in his house and work alongside him for her entire life. The Ecclesiastical History eBook: Scholasticus, Socrates, Boer, Paul, Zenos, A.C.: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store Socrates Scholasticus: the Manuscripts of the "Church History" The Church History of Socrates Scholasticus is a continuation of the Church History of Eusebius of Caesarea.. Other writers include Socrates Scholasticus, who wrote about her in Ecclesiastical History in 440. all the philosophers of her own time. A few years later, according to one report, Hypatia was brutally murdered by the Nitrian monks who were a fanatical sect of Christians who were supporters of Cyril. Last modified June 1997. The Life of Hypatia By Socrates Scholasticus, from his Ecclesiastical History [Socrates Scholasticus was born in Constantinople c. 380, and died c. 450. Damasius described how she “used to … Cyril would need another way of getting to the prefect if he wanted to exert his power over the city as a whole, and, fatally for her, he would find it in the quiet person of Hypatia. for Medieval Studies. Fordham University, "Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia (late 4th Cent.) Hypatia’s death marked the end of paganism and the triumph of Christianity, the final act of a one-hundred-year-old feud waged by the new religion against the ancient world. He supposing this to be a snare laid for him by Cyril, exclaimed that he was a Christian, and had been baptized by Atticus the bishop at Constantinople” (Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book … Hypatia: An Annotated Bibliography Halsall, Paul. This is the life of Hypatia in the version by Socrates Scholasticus, told in his Historia Ecclesiastica; English translation based on the Italian version found on the site Maat, we would like to thank.. Socrates Scholasticus . Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass Cinaron, and there burnt them. Wherefore she had great spite and envy owed unto her, and because Socrates Scholasticus presents Hypatia’s murder as entirely politically motivated and makes no mention of any role that Hypatia’s paganism might have played in her death. He personally taught her in the arts, literature, mathematics, science and philosophy, pretty much everything he knew. Socrates Scholasticus was hence interpreted as saying that, while she was still alive, Hypatia's flesh was torn off using oyster shells (tiles; the Greek word is ostrakois, which literally means "with or by oystershells" but the word was also used for brick tiles on the roofs of houses and for pottery sherds). By an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the church covering 305 – in! Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in.! Refused to abandon her ideas and convert to Christianity by an Alexandrian mob under the leadership of the unfortunate that. 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