15th Panzergrenadier Division was a mobile division of the German Army in World War II. Based in newly formed Slovakia, the objectives of the division initially were the taking of the city of Krakow, wher… Machine gun position in Sicily. The division has been implicated in the Bellona massacre, Campania, carried out between 6 and 7 October 1943, when 54 civilians were executed. The formation was originally created as the '5th Light Division' or the '5th Light Afrika Division' in Africa in early 1941, from an ad hoccollection of smaller units rushed to support the collapsing Italian forces in Cyrenaica, Libya. From May 15–19, the 15th Panzergrenadiers fought a retreating battle through the Aurunci Mountains against the 3rd Algerian Infantry and 4th Moroccan Mountain Divisions of the French Expeditionary Corps, commanded by General Alphonse Juin. History. ↑ Order of battle information from U.S. Army Center of Miliatry History. Panzer-Division 15 4. The Order of Battle (OrBat) shows the formation of the forces that were in Operation Veritable in the beginning of February 1945. [3], After the retreat of the Axis forces to Tunisia the 15th Panzer Division was part of the battle of Kasserine Pass against inexperienced US forces in February 1943. Displayed here are the main battle/fighting formations; the infantry- and tank divisions and independent tank brigades. Afrika-Divisionen - See Leichte Afrika-Divisionen; Artillerie-Divisionen (Artillery Divisions) Ausbildungs-Divisionen (Training Divisions) Divisionen Nr. Elements of the 71st Infantry Division, held the German left flank on the heights of Monte Sammucro to the north, while the 29th Panzergrenadier Division held the rear near the town of San Vittore, two miles to the northwest. Anticipating the Anglo-American invasion of France for 1944, German high command ordered the creation of a new armored division in the West to bolster their strength on this front and repel the Allies. Panzer Div. Panzerdivision” on April 4th, 1944, it never stuck and the unit was always referred to, even in official documents, as Panzer-Lehr Division. Afrika (Africa Special Purpose Division), 11 November 41 Background The division that would become famous later as 90th Light Division started its life as a formation of odds and sods, thrown together quickly out of whatever was available while a much more important war raged in the east. The Battle of Kursk was the largest tank battle to take place in World War II. ↑Order of battle from 35th Infantry Division in World War II, 1941-1945. The 21.Panzer-Division was ordered formed by the Oberkommando des Heeres from the 5.Leicht-Division on August 1st, 1941. It is worth noting that SS-Divisions were typically much larger than normal German army units, usually about twice the size in terms of manpower. At 13:00, the 15th Panzer Division set off, followed an hour later by 21st Panzer. It returned to Germany in September 1940 to be converted to a tank division. The 15th Panzer Division was situated to the east of Tobruk, suffered severe losses and was forced to retreat west. Infanterie-Division. It fought in the Battle of the Bulge, where it participated in the Siege of Bastogne and in Operation Blockbuster, serving under the First Parachute Army. On 1 September 1939 the 5th Panzer Division was organized as follows: 5th Schützen Brigade 13th Schützen Regiment 14th Schützen Regiment 8th Panzer Brigade 15th Panzer Regiment 31st Panzer Regiment 8th (mot) Reconnaissance Battalion 116th Artillery Regiment Inf.Div. Battle order – June 1944 – Battle of Normandy. Panzer-Division 21 11. The German codename for this battle was Operation Citadel and along with this battle being one of the biggest tank battles, the Battle of Kursk was also very costly to aerial forces as well. The 15th Panzer Division reached as far as the Alam Halfa ridge on September 1, but failed to break through the British defences. By mid-November 1943, the 15th Panzergrenadier Division had fallen back to help defend the Bernhardt Line in the vicinity of Mignano along Highway 6. Oberbefehlshaber West: Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt: Saint-Germain-en-Laye: Heeresgruppe B: Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel: La Roche … Panzer Division, between 10 and 16 May 1940, as a part of the Battle of France. The SS Panzer Division (German: SS-Panzerdivision, short: SS-PzDiv) was an SS formation during World War II. On May 11, 1944, the Allies launched Operation Diadem which finally resulted in the collapse of the Gustav Line and the capitulation of the German defences along the Winter Line. German Order of Battle Panzer-Lehr Division It was part of the successful German defence against British attempts to relieve Tobruk, Operation Brevity and Operation Battleaxe. ↑ Order of battle information from U.S. Army Center of Military History. [2] New York: Henry Holt. Panzer-Division was formed in September 1942 in Belgium from parts of 23. Panzer-Division 19 8. The 11th Panzer Division had originally been organized in August 1940, in the then German province of Silesia, now part of Poland. Generalmajor Gustav von Vaer… In July 1943 a new 15th Panzergrenadier Division, commanded by Generalleutnant Eberhard Rodt, was formed by redesignating the Sicily Division and incorporated remnants of the former 15th Panzer Division. 9 Order of Battle 10 The 1943 Panzer Division, with all authorized changes 11 The 1943 Panzergrenadier Division, with all authorized changes 12 1. It was not long before it saw action again, this time in Sicily. Second Battle of El Alamein: 1st Armoured Division is counter-attacked by Littorio Armoured Division and 15th Panzer Division The division was transported to Libya in April 1941, joining General Erwin Rommel 's Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK) as one of two German tank divisions in North Africa at the time, the other having been the 21st Panzer Division . The battle was known as "Operation Crusader" to the British, the 2nd (British) Offensive to the Italians, and as the 'Winterschlacht' (winter battle) to the Germans. Panzer-Division German Panzer and Motorized Infantry in Barbarossa-1941 These consist of a generic order of battle and a separate document with specific Panzer types and strengths for the different Panzer divisions. Panzer-Division 14 3. Generalmajor Friedrich Kühn (01 Nov 1940 - 22 Mar 1941) Generalmajor Heinrich von Prittwitz und Gaffron (22 Mar 1941 - 10 Apr 1941) (1) Oberst Hans-Karl Freiherr von Esebeck (13 Apr 1941 - 15 Apr 1941) m.d.F.b. General Erwin Rommel commanded the division, which was nicknamed the "Ghost Division" because of its speed and independent movement, which even the German High Command had difficulty following. It was sent to Libya in February 1941 and took part in the fighting in North Africa. Panzer-Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940. Orders of Battle and Organizations - All dates on this site are given thus: day . By mid-November 1943, the 15th Panzergrenadier Division had fallen back to help defend the Bernhardt Line in the vicinity of Mignano along Highway 6. (Numerous supporting units were also involved in the battle, but are not mentioned specifically here) The Battle of Brody (other names in use include Battle of Dubna, Battle of Dubno, Battle of Rovne, Battle of Rovne-Brody) was a tank battle fought between the 1st Panzer Group's III Army Corps and XLVIII Army Corps (Motorized) and five mechanized corps of the Soviet 5th Army and 6th Army in the triangle formed by the towns of Dubno, Lutsk and Brody between 23 and 30 June 1941. The Battle of Kursk was the largest tank battle to take place in World War II. Commanders: General Gordon Holmes MacMillan (August 27th, 1943 – August 5th, 1944) General Colin Muir Barber (August 5th, 1944 – 1945) 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment. Orders of Battle and Organizations - All dates on this site are given thus: day . Bernard's men surprised the Germans. Reconnaissance unit from 15th Panzer Grenadier Division travels through Italian town. He ordered Colonel Bernard to land his troops by sea at Brolo. [3], The organisation of the division in March 1941:[5][6], George F. Nafziger, The German Order of Battle: Panzers and Artillery in World War II, p 97-112, "Organizational History of the German Armored Formation 1939-1945", United States Army Command and General Staff College, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=15th_Panzer_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=964314704, Military units and formations established in 1940, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 104 Motorized Rifle Regiment (I & II Battalions), 115 Motorized Rifle Regiment (I & II Battalions), 33 Motorized Artillery Regiment (I, II & III Battalions), Oberst Maximilian von Herff (13 April 1941 – 16 June 1941), Generalleutnant Gustav von Vaerst (25 August 1942 – 11 November 1942 ), This page was last edited on 24 June 2020, at 19:49. Command Decision: Test of Battle Order of Battle 15th Panzer Division May 1941 Dr. Jeff Glasco weapon stands, but do not remove the 2 MMG stands in the Machinegun Company (see 8. Panzer-Division 16 5. Panzer III - Medium Tank A brandnew Panzer III of Panzerregiment 8, 15. The two files are zipped together for download. The first unit incorporated was the 39th Panzerjager (anti-tank) Battalion. During the North African Campaign, orders to kill captured commandos, Jews, and other groups that the Nazis considered inferior were ignored. Panzer-Division. ↑ Order of battle and commander information from U.S. Army Center of Military History. By August 17, 1943, the 15th Panzergrenadier along with the 29th Infantry, the 1st Parachute and the Hermann Göring Divisions would escape across the Strait of Messina to the mainland and participate in the Italian Campaign. year -- - - A symbol with a 3D shadow indicates a clickable, active ("hot") link - - - The date at the top of the page only indicates status of the information content, not changes of format, layout, or administration. Order of Battle. The division eventually surrendered alongside other Axis forces in Tunisia in May 1943 and was not reestablished. In: Veit Scherzer (Hrsg. Command Decision: Test of Battle Order of Battle 15th Panzer Division May 1941 Dr. Jeff Glasco 3 light trucks 1 8cm mortar stand (ds) 1 medium truck 1 Heavy Company: 1 command engineer stand 1 75L12 infantry gun and crew (battalion gun) 1 37L45 AT gun and crew 3 light trucks Panzer-Division 22 12. The 15th Panzer Division (German: 15. Battle order – June 1st 1944 – Battle of Normandy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15th_Panzergrenadier_Division_(Wehrmacht) Panzer-Division 20 9. Atkinson, Rick : The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944. SS Panzer-Division Hitlerjugend. It participated in the invasion of France and remained there after the French surrender as an occupation force. File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J14874, Sizilien, MG-Stellung.jpg. Panzer-Division 19 8. Elements of the division, the 15th Panzer Regiment and the 11th Rifle Brigade, had previously participated in the Polish campaign of 1939 and the 1940 invasion of France and the Low Countries. Many of the men of the division were young German conscripts, with a cadre of NCOs and staff from the SS Division Leibstandarte and other Waffen SS divisions. Although given the designation “130. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. [1][2], 15th Panzergrenadier Division, 1943 - 1945, "15th Panzergrenadier Division" Wehrmacht, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=15th_Panzergrenadier_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=992398910, Military units and formations established in 1943, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 104. For this division wa… The Order of Battle for Das Reich as of June 1944 The following Order of Battle shows Das Reich 2nd SS-Panzer Division as of early 1944. Infanterie-Division. The 15th Panzer Division (German: 15. The two main forces were the Soviet Union and Germany. Let’s focus today on the Reich’s best-equipped and strongest division: the Panzer-Lehr Division.. https://deutsches-afrikakorps.blogspot.com/2010/12/order-of-battle.html However, Bernard did not have enough troops to beat the Germans. Panzer-Division 13 2. Scherzers Militaer-Verlag, Ranis/Jena 2009, ISBN 978-3-938845-22-6, S. 46–66. 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division battle order – 1944 – Battle of Normandy. European Theater of Operations In cooperation with Richard Anderson. In early September 1939, at the beginning of the war, the 2nd Panzer Division took part in the invasion of Poland as a part of the XII Panzer Corps, of the 14th Army (Wehrmacht), Army Group South. Panzer-Division 15 4. The four-day battle which had pitted the 2d Infantry Division and the 99th Infantry Division against the spearheads of the Sixth Panzer Army had cost both sides heavily in men and materiel. 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division . (or Pz.Div.) The 36th Infantry Division, commanded by Major General Fred L. Walker, launched flanking attacks on their right, while the 1st Italian Motorized Group attacked the left up Monte Lungo. It surrendered to the British at war's end. Panzer-Division 17 6. Ground based infantry division is an infantry division which is normally used as fortress or coastal defense unit and therefore has none or only few means of transport. (Divisions for special use) Divisionsgruppen (Divisional Groups) 433. It surrendered to the Allies in northern Italy at the end of the war. The date of formation listed by various sources is conflicting, and this seems due to the fact that although the unit was ordered formed on August 1st, it most likely did not come together until late in 1941. Unit. Panzer-Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940. Panzer-Division 14 3. After ten days of intense attack and counter-attack, the Allies finally succeeded in gaining the high ground on both flanks. ORDER OF BATTLE JUNE 27, 1941 Deutsches Afrikakorps (Rommel) 5th Light Division (Streich) 15th ... AUGUST 15, 1941. VG Division the newly introduced Volks (People’s) Grenadier Divisions. SS Pz-Div. Orders of Battle – Heavy Panzer Battalions / Schlachtbefehle – Schwere Panzerbataillone; Orders of Battle – Panzer Grenadier Divisions / Orden der Schlacht – Panzergrenadier Divisionen. As the Germans retreated from western Sicily (as a result of the Allied invasion, code-named Operation Husky), they halted and began setting up defences in the vicinity of the town of Troina along Highway 120, perched high on the hilltops. The German Orders of Battle and distribution of the divisions of the German Wehrmacht and subordinates units of allies at the time of the tank battle of Kursk and the Allied invasion of Sicily in midsummer 1943. Panzergrenadier Regiment (motorized infantry), 115. It participated in the battle of Gazala, the capture of Tobruk and the German invasion of Egypt which came to a stand-still at El Alamein. The German codename for this battle was Operation Citadel and along with this battle being one of the biggest tank battles, the Battle of Kursk was also very costly to aerial forces as well. The Battle of San Pietro Infine ensued. Between January 20 and 22 1944, two battalions of the 15th Panzergrenadiers repulsed an ill-conceived assault by the US 36th Infantry Division, when the Allies were attempting to establish a bridgehead in the vicinity of the town of Sant' Angelo, to launch attacks on the Gustav Line near Monte Cassino. Samuel W. Mitcham: German Order of Battle.Panzer, Panzer Grenadier, and Waffen SS Divisions in World War II. Weapons Stands below). Anticipating the Anglo-American invasion of France for 1944, German high command ordered the creation of a new armored division in the West to … On 18 November British forces began Operation Crusader with the objective of relieving the besieged forces at Tobruk. The 21.Panzer-Division was ordered formed by the Oberkommando des Heeres from the 5.Leicht-Division on August 1st, 1941. On September 11, elements of the British 46th Infantry Division encountered stiff resistance from the 15th Panzergrenadier and Hermann Göring Divisions around Salerno itself and to the east. Order of Battle Division z.b.V. On December 7, 1943, two battalions of the 15th Panzergrenadier, commanded by Captain Helmut Meitzel, held strong defensive positions in the town of San Pietro Infine and on the vitally important and strategic Monte Lungo to the southwest. The battle was known as "Operation Crusader" to the British, the 2nd (British) Offensive to the Italians, and as the 'Winterschlacht' (winter battle) to the Germans. The 15th Panzergrenadiers fought the rest of the war on the Western Front. is the armored (tank) division. Panzer-Division 18 7. Panzergrenadier Regiment (motorized infantry). This site is created and maintained by Dr. Leo Niehorster. 1 Commanding officers; 2 Organization / Order of Battle; 3 See also; 4 References; Commanding officers. The two main forces were the Soviet Union and Germany. 2 Organization / Order of Battle; 3 Commanders; 4 References; Combat History Sicily. 12. This was to become a linchpin of the Etna Line. 9 Order of Battle 10 The 1943 Panzer Division, with all authorized changes 11 The 1943 Panzergrenadier Division, with all authorized changes 12 1. Adobe PDF-OOB (148k) Adobe PDF-Panzer Regiments (17k) zipped Powerpoint Presentation and MS-Word (60k) Panzer-Division 17 6. World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations Last Updated 01.07.2011 . The Orders of Battle includes also shattered divisions (as described remainder) as well as divisions in preparation (especially in the south, west and south-east). As a result, the British Eighth Army fell back. The 33rd Infantry Division, forerunner of the 15th Panzer Division, was formed in April 1936 and part of the German defences in the Saarland during the early month of the war. FORMATION. Known war crimes. Panzer-Division 13 2. In July 1943 a new 15th Panzergrenadier Division, commanded by Generalleutnant Eberhard Rodt, was formed by redesignating the Sicily Division and incorporated remnants of the former 15th Panzer Division. It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. A six-day battle ensued from August 1–6, 1943, at the end of which, fearing encirclement, the 15th Panzergrenadier retreated down Highway 120 toward Cesaro and later Messina to be evacuated from the island. This proved to be fuel expensive, so in the 1942 reorganization, the infantry companies replaced their light trucks with … [3], Survivors of the division who escaped the North African surrender by being in hospitals in Europe became part of the new 15th Panzergrenadier Division. Panzer-Division was formed in November 1940 from the 33. This division, Panzer-Lehr, was formed from December 30th, 1943, in the Nancy-Verdun-Lunéville area, in Eastern France. The battle began on July 4, 1943 and it ended on August 23, 1943. With the advantage lost, the 15th Panzergrenadier and its supporting units fell back to defensive positions in the vicinity of San Vittore in the early hours of December 17; they would hold these positions for the next three weeks. 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