However, many people have mild or no symptoms and recover with supportive care and treatment with oral rehydration solutions. An outbreak of contagious and deadly Marburg virus disease in the Kween district of eastern Uganda was declared by the nation’s Ministry of Health on October 19. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease in people and nonhuman primates. [14], In December 2018 the South Gauteng High Court granted a certification order opening up the process for class-action lawsuit against Tiger Brands for around 1,000 claimants. The outbreak included a total of three people, all of whom died — resulting in a case fatality rate of 100%. Since 5 December 2017, the Department of Health amended the list of notifiable diseases to include Listeriosis. In July, there was an outbreak reported in Sri Lanka which included 80,732 cases and 215 deaths, which was significantly higher than in past years. The source of the outbreak at the Enterprise Foods facility was only discovered after nine five-year-old children from Soweto were brought to Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in mid-January 2018. High-risk foods include deli meat, soft cheeses and cold-smoked fish — really, anything that can sit in a refrigerator for a long time and is eaten without further cooking. Travelers can protect themselves from dengue by taking the same precautions as they would for any mosquito-borne disease. [1] It is the world's worst ever listeriosis outbreak. Since September 2017, San Diego, California has been suffering … Diphtheria is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which produces a toxin in the body that can cause blocked airways, paralysis, heart damage, and death. There's no specific treatment or vaccine, but with supportive care, dengue usually goes away on its own. These include avoiding close contact with sick people and washing their hands. Cholera is caused by ingesting food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera epidemics have been a problem throughout history, but this year there were several outbreaks that sparked global concern. The 2017 Ebola outbreak was much smaller than others in recent years. On May 17, 2017 4:55 am In Health by Emmanuel Okogba. The outbreak was unusual because the majority of plague cases (77%) were pneumonic, which is the most serious form of the plague and the type that can spread from human to human. DRC Ebola outbreak: Lessons from West Africa. The outbreak involved a cattle farm in Chungcheongbuk-Do, which is situated in the central part of the country. In South Africa, an outbreak of listeriosis, a serious foodborne disease, has been ongoing since the start of 2017. Diphtheria is rare in the US today thanks to the creation of a vaccine in the 1920s, which is given as a combination vaccine (DTaP, Tdap, DT, or Td). Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. It is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. According to WHO, Nigeria is facing concurrent outbreaks of multiple pathogens, including Lassa fever, vaccine-derived poliovirus, measles, monkey pox and cholera. Posted on December 15, 2017, at 4:33 p.m. Caroline Kee is a health reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in New York. According to the WHO, only 1 in 5 people with the Lassa virus will develop severe disease, and about 80% of people who are infected have no symptoms. There's yet another reason to use bug spray, and it's a viral disease called Chikungunya. The ministry has reported 163 outbreaks of African swine fever since August 2018 and said 1.19 million pigs have been culled, a fraction of 1% of China’s total herd. It is usually transmitted to humans from fruit bats and then spread among people through direct contact (including sexual) or contact with contaminated surfaces and materials. Human infection with avian influenza (H7N9) was first reported in China in 2013, and each year there are waves of outbreaks in January and February, but none as large as this year's. A new polio outbreak in Sudan has been linked to the oral polio vaccine that uses a weakened form of the virus.. News of the outbreak comes a … Between 1 January 2017 through 14 March 2018, 978 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases have been reported to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) from all provinces. It's spread through respiratory secretions, and unvaccinated children are at highest risk. (WHO) The plague is mostly endemic in Congo, Peru and Madagascar, which saw a large outbreak in 2017 … The disease outbreak fighters are on the way. A Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) clinic in the city of Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, reported a total of 804 suspected diphtheria cases and 15 deaths since November 3. [1] Gauteng was the province with the most cases, 58%, followed by Western Cape with about 13%. Caso não concorde com o uso cookies dessa forma, você deverá ajustar as configurações de seu navegador ou deixar de acessar o nosso site e serviços. Health officials are responding to the outbreak with a targeted immunization campaign. The majority of cases have been from human to human transmission, but the virus also spreads to humans from infected camels, which are a major reservoir for the virus. On October 9, 2017 6:16 pm In News by Nwafor. Most outbreaks occur in healthcare settings where there's poor hygiene, but researchers are still trying to understand how people spread the virus. 2017. Dengue fever hit parts of Africa and Asia. There aren't any health-related travel restrictions for Nigeria since visitors are still at low risk for contracting Lassa. The plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which is usually transmitted from rodents to humans by infected fleas, and less commonly, from human to human. It included a total of eight cases and four deaths. Outbreaks were of 18–14 542 cases in 113 districts (median 3 districts/outbreak). There are three types of plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. However, you should always take precautionary measures, like washing your hands, if you stay in an area with poor sanitation and also avoid contact with sick people. Cholera is endemic to Yemen, but this year's outbreak is the worst in its history and the population has become increasingly vulnerable due to ongoing conflict and a destroyed health infrastructure. The Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a rare and deadly condition. Environmental samples from the factory were found to contain the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes strain ST 6, the strain responsible for the outbreak. Some of them were disease outbreaks — including the plague (yes, the plague). Become a BuzzFeed News member. In October, the Ugandan Ministry of Health confirmed the outbreak of Marburg in the Kween district of Eastern Uganda. As of September 2017, the WHO has reported 764 human cases of H7N9. Avian influenza (H7N9) is a type of influenza A that comes from waterfowl and domestic poultry, where it can spread silently because it causes no symptoms or illness in birds. Lassa fever is a hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus. An assessment of the geographical risks of wild and vaccine-derived poliomyelitis outbreaks in Africa and Asia BMC Infect Dis . In 2017, there have been several outbreaks of MERS-Cov, accounting for approximately 224 cases and 67 deaths. Kenya was also put on high alert, because one of the people in Uganda had traveled to Kenya prior to his death. Events such as the 2014–2015 West Africa epidemic of Ebola virus disease highlight the importance of the capacity to detect and respond to public health threats. The virus causes a respiratory disease called Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). [1] A report from the National Department of Health in July 2018 stated there had been 1,060 laboratory-confirmed cases of listeriosis, and 216 deaths. According to the WHO, each year there are an estimated 1.3 million to 4.0 million cases of cholera, and 21,000 to 143, 000 deaths worldwide. [8] At a press conference the next day, Tiger Brands CEO Lawrence MacDougall denied responsibility, stating "There is no direct link between any of the deaths and our products." Fortunately, the WHO announced that the outbreak has been contained. ET, [Editor's note: The numbers listed reflect the most recent data available from the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and country Ministries of Health. The good news is that the virus does not easily pass from human to human — which could be very dangerous. During the past four avian influenza (H7N9) epidemics, about 40% of those infected died. [1] The outbreak was first identified by doctors at Chris Hani and Steve Biko academic hospitals in July 2017, who notified the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) about an unusually high number of neonatal infections. Avian influenza (H7N9) occurred in China. Outbreaks of infectious diarrhoeal diseases in Yemen, Somalia, and Ethiopia are devastating communities already suffering from conflict, drought, and potential famine, global health officials have warned. African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease that causes a ... Rome, 2017 AFRICAN SWINE FEVER: DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS A manual for veterinarians Authors Daniel Beltrán-Alcrudo FAO Marisa Arias and Carmina Gallardo FAO Reference Centre, INIA-CISA, Spain ... of an emergency report on a disease outbreak (gEMP, 2011) 30 Madagascar actually has a "plague season" every year, but the country experienced one of its largest and most deadly plague outbreaks in 2017 — which included 2,417 cases and 209 deaths since August. Para saber mais sobre nossa política de cookies, acesse link. Mosquito bites are never fun, but they can be dangerous in some parts of the world. Yes, the plague — the "Black Death" that wiped out 60% of Europe's population in the 14th century — still exists. In September, health officials in Burkina Faso declared an outbreak which included 9,029 cases and 18 deaths. Dengue causes flu-like symptoms with a fever, rash, and joint pain. Utilizamos cookies, próprios e de terceiros, que o reconhecem e identificam como um usuário único, para garantir a melhor experiência de navegação, personalizar conteúdo e anúncios, e melhorar o desempenho do nosso site e serviços. An earlier version of this post misstated the figure. The overall fatality rate is about 1%, but for severe cases it's about 15% and pregnant women are at highest risk. Listeriosis Outbreak in South Africa Listeriosis is now a notifiable condition in South Africa. About 73% of the cases, and 14 out of the 15 deaths, were among children younger than 15. When pressed by journalists, he refused to apologize. [7], Laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases started to rise in mid-2017 and peaked in December 2017, with 32 cases in a week. There were a startling 28,616 cases and 11,310 deaths overall. According to the WHO, this 2017 outbreak of Lassa is the first one to occur in the Borno state of Nigeria in nearly 48 years, with 501 suspected cases and 104 deaths reported since December 2016. Humans usually get Lassa from contact with infected rats or their urine and feces, but it can also spread from contact with an infected person's bodily fluids. Of N. meningitidis cases, 53% were NmC, 30% NmW, and 13% NmX. When it spreads from birds to humans, it causes a severe flu with increased respiratory distress and nausea. The 2017–2018 South African listeriosis outbreak was a widespread outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes food poisoning that resulted from contaminated processed meats produced by Enterprise Foods, a subsidiary of Tiger Brands, in Polokwane.There were 1,060 confirmed cases of listeriosis during the outbreak, and about 216 deaths. Diphtheria might sound like one of those early 20th century ailments that faded into history, or maybe you've never heard of it before. Marburg virus showed up in Eastern Uganda. It is the world's worst ever listeriosis outbreak. Afp Contributor / AFP / Getty Images / Via. There is no cure or vaccine, but supportive care can improve the chances of survival. Africa is the most disease prone continent – World Bank. The most affected countries were Nigeria (17 375 cases) and Niger (9343 cases). African neonatal units are at high risk of outbreaks owing to overcrowding, understaffing, and shared equipment. When people recover, they won't get the disease again. Samples taken from Enterprise and Rainbow Chicken polony products at the crèche the children attended tested positive for the strain of listeriosis causing the outbreak and led investigators to the infected production facilities. It can cause severe hemorrhaging, often resulting in death. Several outbreaks occurred: NmC in Niger in 2015–2017, NmC in Mali in 2016, and NmW in Togo in 2016–2017. Each claimant might be eligible to seek between R100,000 and R2,000,000 in compensation for their losses due to the outbreak. Contact Caroline Kee at caroline.kee@buzzfeed.com. This year was FULL of surprises. People can get EVD through direct contact with an infected animal (bat or nonhuman primate) or a sick or dead person infected with Ebola virus. Since 2016, the number of Ebola cases have dropped dramatically, but in May of 2017 there was a small outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The outbreak is among the Rohingya population, who have been displaced from nearby Myanmar and now reside in temporary settlements. This year marks China's fifth epidemic of avian influenza in humans (H7N9), and unfortunately it's the largest annual epidemic to date. Multiple international agencies were able to step in immediately to support the DRC's Ministry of Health in responding to the outbreak and by July, the WHO declared the end of the outbreak. So you've probably heard of this this deadly disease and you might be terrified to hear that it's back. However, the Chinese government is closely monitoring the outbreak and taking prevention measures and scientists are working on a vaccine to prevent the disease entirely. France also reported 13 suspected cases in its Southeastern region. Yes, the plague — the " Black Death " that wiped out 60% of Europe's population... 2. The WHO announced in September that there was an outbreak in the Lazio region of Italy, including 183 suspected cases. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) broke out in the Arabian peninsula. Fayez Nureldine / AFP / Getty Images / Via. Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is caused by a virus spread through blood and bodily fluids from infected humans or animals. Lassa fever is endemic to West Africa, but this year there has been a particularly large, deadly outbreak in Nigeria. Africa CDC strengthens the capacity and capability of Africa’s public health institutions as well as partnerships to detect and respond quickly and effectively to disease threats and outbreaks, based on data-driven interventions and programmes. The majority were reported in Saudi Arabia, but there were also cases in United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, and Lebanon. ZIKV infection leads to an asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic nonspecific disease in 80% of cases, but the outbreak in the Americas and French Polynesia coincided with a steep increase in the birth of babies with congenital microcephaly (2–4). Ao continuar com a navegação em nosso site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Cholera hit Yemen hard.. Cholera epidemics have been a … The incidence of dengue around the world has increased in recent years and according to the WHO, there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections per year. 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