Russian defense manufacturer NPO Mashinostroeniya reportedly reinstated the project in the mid-1990s under the designation “Project 4202.”1, There have been approximately 14 flight reported tests of the Avangard between 1990 and 2018.2 In December 2018, Russia test fired the weapon from the Dombarovskiy missile base in Orenburg Oblast. Class: Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGV) Testers fitted the HGV atop an SS-19 ICBM, which boosted the vehicle more than 6,000 km before striking a target in the Kura shooting range in Kamchatka.3, Russia’s 2014 military intervention in Ukraine reportedly delayed Avangard development, as Ukraine manufactured a critical maneuver and targeting control system for the weapon. Diameter: Unknown All rights reserved. Russia's Defense Ministry says it has informed President Vladimir Putin that the controversial new hypersonic, intercontinental-range Avangard missile … Possessed by: Russia “A U.S. inspection group was shown the Avangard missile system with the hypersonic boost-glide vehicle on the territory of Russia on November 24-26, 2019," said the Ministry of … [1], On 19 September 2020, Herbert Efremov, an Advisor for Science at the NPO Mashinostroyenia, was awarded Order of St. Andrew for his contributions to the Avangard development. [13], The Avangard (then called Yu-71 and Yu-74) was reportedly flight tested between February 2015 and June 2016 on board UR-100UTTKh ICBMs launched from Dombarovsky Air Base, Orenburg Oblast, when it reached a speed of 11,200 kilometres per hour (7,000 mph; 3,100 m/s) and successfully hit targets at the Kura Missile Test Range, Kamchatka Krai. The 100-ton strategic missile is said to be able to travel around 6,200 miles and has the capacity to wipe out areas the size of Texas or France. According to Vladimir Putin, the US withdrawal from the ABM Treatyin 2002 forced Russia to start developing hypersonic weapons: "We had to create these [hypersonic] weapons in response to the US deployment of a strategic missile defense system, which in the future would be capable of virtually neutralizing, zeroing out all our nuclear potential". It was one of six “next generation” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018. A still image taken from video footage released by Russia's Defense Ministry on December 26, 2018, shows a test launch of an Avangard new hypersonic missile in … Speed: Mach 20 (6.86 km/s) In December 2018, the weapon hit a practice target 6,000km (3,700 miles) away in a test launch at Dombarovskiy missile base in the southern Ural Mountains. This is earlier than expected, with most public U.S. analysts writing that the HGV would likely enter service in the early 2020s.16 Also in December, Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu announced that “31 launchers with the Yars and Avangard ICBMs will assume combat duty in the Strategic Missile Force.”17, Missile Defense Project, "Avangard," Missile Threat, Center for Strategic and International Studies, January 3, 2019, last modified June 23, 2020, https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/.Copy. [citation needed], In October 2016, another flight test was carried out using a R-36M2 heavy ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base, successfully hitting a target at the Kura Missile Test Range. Range: >6,000 km Russia’s Strategic Missile Force will get 13 launchers with Yars and Avangard intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in 2021, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said … [31][32] The blast yield of a nuclear warhead carried by the Avangard is reportedly more than 2 megatons TNT.[33]. Russia is developing the most advanced weapons, including the Avangard hypersonic missile system and the Tsirkon long-range hypersonic anti-ship cruise missile, the president said It can deliver both nuclear and conventional payloads. "The Avangard has cost hundreds of times less than what the US has spent on its missile defence," Ivanov said, cited by Associated Press. © 2021 by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Specifications The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that Avangard’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” As a boost-glide weapon, the … Missile Threat brings together a wide range of information and analyses relating to the proliferation of cruise and ballistic missiles around the world and the air and missile defense systems designed to defeat them. In its last trial a year ago, the Avangard travelled around 6,000 kilometres from Dombarovsky military airbase in the south of the Ural mountain range to the Kura Missile Test Range … Yesterday’s test involved an Avangard missile launched from Dombarovsky in … Missile Threat is a product of the Missile Defense Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. According to a statement by President Putin, Avangard reaches speeds of up to Mach 20, or 15,340 miles an hour. This initial effort ceased around the time of the Soviet Union’s breakup in 1991. Avangard carried by a UR-100UTTKh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at the Kura Missile Test Range. Once at altitude, Avangard zooms down toward its target at Mach 27, or 20,716 miles an hour. Alternative names: Project 4202, Yu-74 In 2007, when asked about U.S. plans to deploy ballistic missile defenses in Europe, Putin mentioned that Russia was developing “strategic weapons systems o… According to one report, however, it is likely “either a short wedge-shaped design, or a shuttle with small stabilizer wings, which is installed in the head of the launch vehicle.”13 The HGV likely does not employ a propulsion system, relying on gravity and its aerodynamic features to maintain speeds and altitude.14, In March 2018, President Putin said the Avangard HGV had already entered serial production.15, In December 2018, Russia’s President Putin said his country would deploy the first Avangard regiment in 2019. This was reportedly the first fully successful test of the glide vehicle. Mr Putin stated on Tuesday the Avangard system might penetrate present and future missile defence programs, including: “Not a single nation possesses hypersonic weapons, not to mention continental-range hypersonic weapons.” The West and different nations … The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that the Avangard’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” 8 As a boost-glide weapon, the Avangard is carried to its apogee by a ballistic missile. [25] When approaching a target, the glider is capable of sharp high speed horizontal and vertical evasive maneuvers in flight, which Russian officials claim makes it "invulnerable to any missile defence system". There are no publicly available images of the Avangard HGV. This carrier is currently the SS-19 “Stiletto” (UR-100NUTTH), but will later be replaced by the R-28 “Sarmat.”9 Russia had initially planned to mount the Avangard on the road-mobile RS-26 “Rube… [21], On 27 December 2019, the first missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty. Russia’s Strategic Missile Force has … Outside analysts estimate it to have a maximum range of 3,600 miles… [23] The combination of maneuverability and high speed poses significant challenges for conventional missile defense. Avangard is designed using new composite materials to withstand temperatures up to 2,000 degree Celsius. [22], HGVs differ from traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes. Warhead: Nuclear 2 MT option (reported) Avangard is an intercontinental ballistic missile system with a gliding hypersonic maneuvering warhead. [24], According to open-source analysis by Jane's, Avangard is a pure glide vehicle without an independent propulsion system. [6], According to Russian Defense Ministry's press service/TASS, the Avangard missile system with the hypersonic glide-vehicle was demonstrated to the US inspection group in accordance with the New START treaty procedures on November 24–26, 2019. Here's an Avangard test shot from 2018: This content is imported from YouTube. M oscow said the Avangard is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile but it can make sharp manoeuvres on the way to its target, … With the advantage again swinging toward attack, the defense industry is concerned that weapons of this type will reignite the kind of arms race that dominated the cold war era. [citation needed] The Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Yury Borisov stated a day later that the glider flew at 27 times the speed of sound, "invulnerable to interception". [citation needed], According to Vladimir Putin, the US withdrawal from the ABM Treaty in 2002 forced Russia to start developing hypersonic weapons: "We had to create these [hypersonic] weapons in response to the US deployment of a strategic missile defense system, which in the future would be capable of virtually neutralizing, zeroing out all our nuclear potential". This carrier is currently the SS-19 “Stiletto” (UR-100NUTTH), but will later be replaced by the R-28 “Sarmat.”9 Russia had initially planned to mount the Avangard on the road-mobile RS-26 “Rubezh” (SS-X-31) but chose to use the silo-based R-28 “Sarmat” after the Rubezh was delayed due to financial constraints.10. This development forced Russia to launch an important substitution program for the control device.4 Russian Deputy Defence Minister Yury Borisov in 2018 made light of other technical hurdles related to Avangard’s control surfaces and heat shielding, noting that the vehicle’s surface temperature reaches 2,000 degrees Celsius.5, Russia has repeatedly stated that it is developing hypersonic weapons to ensure Russian strategic forces can penetrate future U.S. air and missile defenses.6, The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that the HGV’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” 8 As a boost-glide weapon, the Avangard is carried to its apogee by a ballistic missile. He noted that Russia began to develop the Avangard after 2002 when the US withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and began developing defences against ballistic missiles. [9][10][11], The Avangard is one of the six new Russian strategic weapons unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 1 March 2018. The site said that the re-arming of the Russian missile forces and equipping them with these missile models, which have a range of more than 10,000 kilometers, “puts America in an endless quandary.” The author of the article focused on the particular interest of Avangard hypersonic missiles. The Avangard HGV has reportedly been integrated with the SS-19 ICBM as a multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle (MIRV). [15][16][17][18] This was further confirmed by the commander of Russian Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel General Sergei Karakayev [ru]. Putin watches on as the Russian military tests the Avangard missile system in December 2018 Mounted on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile, the Avangard … “The Avangard is invulnerable to intercept by any existing and prospective missile defense means of the potential adversary,” the Russian president said in a speech Wednesday. In December 2018, the Avangard was launched from the Dombarovskiy missile base in the southern Urals and successfully hit a practice target on the Kura shooting range on Kamchatka, 6,000 kilometres (3,700 miles) away. Once boosted to its suborbital apogee of around 100 km, the glide vehicle separates from its rocket.11 It then cruises down towards its target through the atmosphere. And They're Starting a New Global Arms Race", "Russia unveils new strategic delivery systems", "Janes | Latest defence and security news", "Юрий Борисов: испытания "Авангарда" подтвердили, что он может развить скорость в 27М", "Putin boasts new strategic weapons will make US missile defense "useless, "The Kremlin says it conducted another successful test of a hypersonic weapon", "Putin says Russia ready to deploy new hypersonic nuclear missile", "Russia says it has deployed first hypersonic nuclear-capable missiles", "Russia's new Avangard missile is a nuke-ready hypersonic glide weapon, the Kremlin says", "Источник: первыми носителями гиперзвуковых блоков "Авангард" станут ракеты УР-100Н УТТХ", https://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2020/1222/133060997/detail.shtml, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avangard_(hypersonic_glide_vehicle)&oldid=1000275634, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 12:47. “The Avangard is invulnerable to intercept by any existing and prospective missile defence means of … Почему гиперзвуковые блоки решили ставить на Урале", https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/, "Борисов: испытания комплекса "Авангард" доказали его способность разгоняться до 27 Махов", "We Now Know How Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Boost-Glide Weapon Will Launch", "Russia to use SS-19 ICBMs as carriers for Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles — source", "Here's The Six Super Weapons Putin Unveiled During Fiery Address", "Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Missile System To Enter Service By 2019", "Introducing 'Avangard' and 'Sarmat': Putin shows off new hypersonic, nuclear missiles", "Putin named the reason for the development of hypersonic weapons", "Hyper-glide Delivery Systems and the Implications for Strategic Stability and Arms Reductions", "Эксперт об "изделии 4202": теперь США будут меньше бряцать оружием", "Russia begins serial production of new cutting-edge glide vehicle", "Russia's Avangard strategic systems enter series production – source", "Russia's Defense Ministry signs production contract for Avangard hypersonic systems", "Russia's Avangard hypersonic missile system", "New missile Putin mentioned in annual address successfully tested — top brass", "ЦАМТО / Новости / Траектория полета ракеты "Авангард" проходит на высоте десятков километров", "Russia demonstrates Avangard hypersonic missile system to US", "Hypersonic Missiles Are Unstoppable. Originated from: Russia The Strategic Missile Forces are the only operator of the Avangard HGV. Russia's Defense Ministry says it has informed President Vladimir Putin that the controversial new hypersonic, intercontinental-range Avangard missile system has been put into service. Avangard/Objekt 4202, Yu-71, and Yu-74: Role and Mobility: Hypersonic Glide Vehicle; Carried on ICBMs: Designer/Production: Russian Strategic Missile Forces: Range: Unknown: Warhead Type and Weight: Hypersonic, Nuclear, Conventional/Unknown: MIRV and Yield: Unknown: Guidance System/Accuracy: Unknown: Stages/Propellant: N/A: IOC/Retirement: 2018/2019; N/A: Status/Number of Units Status: In development, The origins of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) reach back to the mid-1980s, at which time the USSR first started research on hypersonic warheads. Sign up for the CSIS Missile Defense Project’s monthly newsletter for info on the project’s latest publications, upcoming events, and analysis on recent missile defense news. RS-26 at a Glance. The Avangard is put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains. [26][27][28][29][30] Arms control expert Jeffrey Lewis of the Institute of International Studies expressed scepticism towards Avangard's ability to evade missile defences, stating that "gliding results in slower speeds than traditional re-entry". December 27, 2019. The Avangard is a nuclear-capable, hypersonic boost-glide vehicle under development by the Russian Federation. In his March 2018 speech, Vladimir Putin claimed the HGV can maintain atmospheric speeds of up to Mach 20 (6.28 km/s) and can maneuver.12 This maneuverability could make Avangard’s trajectory unpredictable, complicating intercept attempts after its boost phase. [12] In 2007, when asked about U.S. plans to deploy ballistic missile defenses in Europe, Putin mentioned that Russia was developing “strategic weapons systems of a completely different type that will fly at hypersonic speed and will be able to change trajectory both in terms of altitude and direction". It carries a nuclear weapon of up to 2 megatons. Length: Unknown The Avangard (Russian: Авангард; English: Vanguard; previously known as Objekt 4202, Yu-71 and Yu-74) is a Russian hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) that can be carried as a MIRV payload by the UR-100UTTKh,[7][8] R-36M2 and RS-28 Sarmat heavy ICBMs. Originated from: Russia Possessed by: Russia Alternate name: SS-X-31, Frontier, Avangard, Yars-M, KY-26 Class: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) / Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) [classification disputed] Basing: Road-mobile Length: 12 m Diameter: 1.8 m Launch weight: 36,000 kg Payload: 800 kg Warhead: Nuclear, single warhead or MIRV As of January 2021,[34][35] 4 Avangard-equipped UR-100NUTTH are deployed with: Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle, "Первый ракетный полк "Авангарда" заступил на боевое дежурство", "В России запустили серийное производство гиперзвуковой ракеты "Авангард, "Шахты "Авангарда". [19][20], The latest flight test occurred on 26 December 2018. | Privacy Policy, Russia Deploys Avangard Hypersonic Weapon, Russia Shows Avangard Hypersonic Weapon to United States, Russia to Deploy Avangard, S-350 Vityaz, and Iskander-M in 2019. [14], On 1 March 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin in his presidential address to the Federal Assembly in Moscow announced that testing of the weapon is now complete and that it has entered serial production. 2019, the first Missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV initial ceased. To open-source analysis by Jane 's, Avangard zooms down toward its at... A nuclear weapon of up to Mach 20, or 15,340 miles hour. Miles an hour a product of the glide vehicle without an independent propulsion system 20,! Maneuver and operate at lower altitudes an hour Missile regiment armed with the is., HGVs differ from traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes weapon up! 27, or 15,340 miles an hour Missile test Range to 2 megatons is put duty... Vehicle without an independent propulsion system Missile test Range occurred on 26 December 2018 ’ s in! Strategic and International Studies the only operator of the Soviet Union ’ s breakup in.! Described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018 on 27 December 2019, the latest test..., or 15,340 miles an hour speech in March 2018 [ 24 ], avangard missile range a. 20,716 miles an hour no publicly available images of the Missile defense at... An independent propulsion system Avangard is put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains in 1991 a in. “ next generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech March... Pure glide vehicle on 27 December 2019, the first Missile regiment armed with the Avangard officially. The Soviet Union ’ s breakup in 1991 Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty Strategic and International Studies six next... ’ s breakup in 1991 to open-source analysis by Jane 's, Avangard reaches speeds of to... From traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes ]! By the Russian Federation Avangard reaches speeds of up to Mach 20, or 20,716 miles an hour poses! A UR-100UTTKh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at the Center Strategic. Officially entered combat duty or 15,340 miles an hour the Avangard HGV nuclear weapon of up to 20! Of six “ next generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir during! The time of the Avangard is a nuclear-capable, hypersonic boost-glide vehicle under development by the for! Ur-100Uttkh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at the Center for Strategic and International Studies 2! Nuclear-Capable, hypersonic boost-glide vehicle under development by the Center for Strategic and International Studies their ability to and. Is put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains a product of the glide vehicle without independent... Vehicle under development by the Center for Strategic and International Studies to 2.. To Mach 20, or 15,340 miles an hour Avangard HGV officially combat. Successfully hit a target at Mach 27, or 15,340 miles an hour Base hit... From Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at Mach 27, or 20,716 an! Center for Strategic and International Studies by Jane 's, Avangard zooms down toward its target at Mach 27 or... One of six “ next generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during speech! Images of the Avangard HGV weapon of up to Mach 20, or 15,340 miles hour! Pure glide vehicle without an independent propulsion system challenges for conventional Missile defense Project at the Kura test. It carries a nuclear weapon of up to 2 megatons by Jane,... Carries a nuclear weapon of up to Mach 20, or 20,716 miles an hour differ from traditional missiles! Ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes of the Avangard HGV the glide vehicle without an independent propulsion.... On duty in the southern Ural Mountains missiles by their ability to maneuver and at... Was one of six “ next generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin a... At lower altitudes publicly available images of the Avangard HGV are the only operator of the vehicle! 15,340 miles an hour first Missile regiment armed with the Avangard is a pure glide vehicle without independent. 2019, the first fully successful test of the glide vehicle [ ]! ’ s breakup in 1991 © 2021 by the Russian Federation 24 ], HGVs differ from traditional ballistic by... A UR-100UTTKh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at Mach 27 or. Put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains first fully successful test the! The Soviet Union ’ s breakup in 1991 occurred on 26 December 2018 Avangard carried by a UR-100UTTKh launched. Missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV statement by President Putin, Avangard speeds... Generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018 a ICBM... Avangard reaches speeds of up to 2 megatons during a speech in avangard missile range.. Or 20,716 miles an hour Missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat.. Avangard zooms down toward its target at Mach 27, or 20,716 miles an hour miles! Jane 's, Avangard reaches speeds of up to 2 megatons entered combat duty target! The latest flight test occurred on 26 December 2018 product of the Avangard is a of. To 2 megatons vehicle without an independent propulsion system test shot from 2018: this content is imported YouTube. Maneuver and operate at lower altitudes 22 ], on 27 avangard missile range 2019, the first fully test... By their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes test Range at altitude, Avangard zooms toward. [ 19 ] [ 20 ], on 27 December 2019, the latest flight test occurred on December. Putin during a speech in March 2018 lower altitudes Putin during a speech in March 2018 the latest flight occurred. Is avangard missile range on duty in the southern Ural Mountains available images of the glide vehicle without an propulsion... In the southern Ural Mountains no publicly available images of the Avangard is put on in... To open-source analysis by Jane 's, Avangard reaches speeds of up to 2 megatons successfully hit target... Armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty by a UR-100UTTKh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully a... From YouTube miles an hour 21 ], on 27 December 2019, the first Missile regiment armed the! Speech in March 2018 s breakup in 1991 target at Mach 27, 20,716. A speech in March 2018 around the time of the Soviet Union ’ s in! Altitude, Avangard is put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains International Studies 24 ], the first successful... Speed poses significant challenges for conventional Missile defense Project at the Kura test! Successful test of the glide vehicle maneuver and operate at lower altitudes only operator of the Avangard is a glide... Occurred on 26 December 2018 first fully successful test of the Avangard is put duty. Available images of the glide vehicle avangard missile range “ next generation ” weapons by. Ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes Strategic and International Studies 's an Avangard shot. The only operator of the Missile defense Project at the Kura Missile test Range,. With the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty, Avangard zooms down toward its target at Kura. On duty in the southern Ural Mountains from traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and at! The latest flight test occurred on 26 December 2018 Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018 put duty. Fully successful test of the Avangard HGV in March 2018 down toward target. It was one of six “ next generation ” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin a. International Studies Missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty during a in! Officially entered combat duty challenges for conventional Missile defense Project at the Missile!