We have more and more digital data about the state of our planet. The impact of climate change that we already see now is only the beginning of more significant changes to come. This nearly universal membership gives legitimacy to its main aim of mitigating the human effect on climate change. That makes climate change a new enemy. Conflicts over increasingly scarce natural resources are not a predetermined outcome – they fundamentally depend on factors like institutional and social resources. The media focuses on stories that will bring in money through views, clicks and “likes”. Technically and economically, the world should be able to deal with and adapt to this challenge. This challenge is being exacerbated by ecosystem losses and climate change impacts. Redefining security and climate change. He has also pledged to integrate climate change into national security decision-making. Climate change is therefore often described as a ‘risk multiplier’ a ‘fragility amplifier’ or even a ‘catalyst’ of conflict. The WPS project seeks to use global modelling, big data and satellite imagery, combined with local knowledge and increasing transparency, to make early warning and analysis of water-related societal impacts. Today, we simply cannot afford to ignore the biggest challenge of all. Moreover, we need to start preparing for life in a drastically different world, where climate change and related global environmental degradation will impact human security and international security. Neelam Sandhu The Security Council debate on 17 April was a landmark event, as it marked the recognition of climate change as a core security issue. For more than ten years, it has warned of the potential security implications of climate change. Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. DC Latest: Biden’s Plans On Immigration, Climate Change. Scientists warned in the early seventies of “The Limits to Growth” and many of their concerns have since been vindicated. While climate change does not cause violent conflict, in and of itself, it can through its interaction with other social, political and economic factors have negative impacts on international peace and security. Population growth, socio-economic activities and increasing effects of climate change have perturbed the elements of the water cycle across multiple temporal and spatial scales. Environment and Climate Change Canada informs Canadians about protecting and conserving our natural heritage, and ensuring a clean, safe and sustainable environment for present and future generations. Vice President of Business Operations & Strategic Accounts, Office of the CEO The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the uniformed heads of each armed services branch are well suited to argue for the reality of climate change impacts and for the long-term preparations needed to meet future climate-related threats while avoiding politicizing the topic. Water scarcity is expected to rise in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. The past few months have shown us is that we are capable of rapid and drastic change, with a unified effort on a global scale. Many of the glaciers in the Himalaya that provide a reliable source of water for more than a billion people are likely to disappear. In my opinion, two key developments will influence our capacity to anticipate potential instability or conflict. Meanwhile the military should prepare for the consequences of climate change on security. The damage to our planet is globalising faster than the global coordinated responses that are needed. Increasingly, military experts are voicing their concerns. This support is relevant in the context of improving agriculture, water management and the resilience of food production systems, among others. Hearing on climate change and national security becomes an angry partisan clash (April 9, 2019) Germany pushes climate change as security risk (April 6, 2019) White House climate panel to include a climate denialist (February 20, 2019) U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link (January 26, 2019) Climate security refers to the security risks induced, directly or indirectly, by changes in the natural climate. On the one hand, climate change and environmental degradation will make it even more complicated to predict conflicts. Climate change affects food production and availability, access, quality, utilization, and stability of food systems. Greta Thunberg’s ‘school strike for climate’ has inspired a global youth protest against the lack of action of their parents’ generation, and other initiatives like the Sunrise movement and Extinction Rebellion have also taken to the streets to demand more action. functioning of the site, while others are to help us understand how you use it. Many coastal cities risk being submerged. However, it was not until the Paris Agreement of 2015, that signatories to the UNFCC set targets, promising to hold global warming well below 2°C above pre-industrial temperatures and to try to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. WRI combines hundreds of data sets on environment, demography, health, politics or security. In short, it impacts all aspects of the food system. I believe that one of the most worrying things about current developments on our planet is the lack of awareness – and thus widespread complacency – about climate change among people, in the media and at government level. These challenges are exacerbated by ecosystem losses and climate change impacts. This year’s Emissions Gap Report, issued by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), has concluded that there is a huge and growing gap between what needs to be done to tackle climate change and what we are actually doing. The need to prepare for a different world. All rights reserved. Humidity and heat could make large parts of the tropic zones uninhabitable for at least part of the year. The Swedish teenage climate activist, Greta Thunberg (centre), joins other young people for a school strike or demonstration outside the United Nations Headquarters in New York – 30 August 2019. The UN was built in the aftermath of … The pathways through which these risks manifest is highly contextual and determined by the interaction between climatic hazards, exposure, and, most importantly, the … While we should do the utmost to mitigate climate change, it would be naive not to think about how to prepare for the security consequences of a much warmer world, where a drastically changed environment will contribute to new security challenges. He warned that “the point of no return is no longer over the horizon; it is in sight and hurtling toward us.”. A growing, but still relatively small part of the public, is beginning to realise this and is calling on governments to act much more decisively. We do not have the luxury to postpone effective climate action any longer. Neelam Chairs the Consumer Technology Associations Artificial Intelligence Committee. Photo © Club of Mozambique. More awareness, better forecasting tools as well as new organisational structures may be needed. For climate change it is the other way around: diplomats, businesses, environmentalists and everybody else should fight climate change. He created the Planetary Security Initiative and is Policy Director at the Environment & Development Resource Centre in Brussels. “It is the intersection of climate with other developments and with other trends and issues that combine to increase the risks.” When evaluating risks of climate change to national security, intelligence analysts should leverage the expertise across the U.S. government as well as accurately measure how countries manage climate risk… Last year brought us record-breaking wildfires, floods and hurricanes, during a global pandemic. Keeping the severity and complexity of these challenges in mind, security organisations should invest more in understanding and preparing for these future threats, together with a wide range of other relevant actors. And while the public is increasingly raising its voice to demand urgent action, the ball remains very much in the court of governance. Climate change threatens security through a dizzying array of channels. Neelam also leads Customer Success for BlackBerry’s strategic accounts worldwide, across regulated industries. In its first joint statement, released in October 2009, the Council warned that “failure to recognise the conflict and instability implications of climate change and to invest in a range of preventative and adaptive actions will be very costly in terms of destabilising nations, causing human suffering, retarding development and providing the required military response.”. The human security framework helps international, national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change. We have successfully dealt with huge threats in the past. The Water Security and Climate Change conference (WSCC) is an annual event where scientists, policy makers and stakeholders from various sectors discuss the diverse facets of water security and its relation to climate variability and change. Alexander Verbeek is a Dutch environmentalist, who has mostly worked on the linkage between security and the earth's accelerating environmental crisis. Those working on security threats will follow with interest the ideas on the development of a ‘digital ecosystem’ for the planet, which would be able to provide transparency and assess risks in the management of natural resources. There is a tendency to wait for others to act first, to point at other countries’ contribution to the problem, and to close our eyes, our hearts and our borders to those people who are most affected. Conclusion Food security and population growth are greatly affected by climate change. Climate change as a national security issue In her response, Malini Mehra states that the continued framing of climate change as an environmental issue is a contributing reason for it getting short shrift in terms of policy attention. Supporting climate security. In the past few years, the UN Security Council, the European Union and other regional organisations have also increasingly been paying attention to these planetary security challenges, and some actors have developed some initial capacity to address them. All the media attention on the 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C may have given the impression that only two possibilities lie ahead: a temperature rise of 1.5°C or 2°C. Climate change will shift planet’s rain belt, threatening food security for billions, scientists say. Essential for the creation of such a system would be an integration of private and public initiatives for monitoring our planet by making use of the latest digital technologies. But an effective longer-term structure to combine the knowledge and roles of all stakeholders is still lacking. This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. But it is a killer of people, it is operating worldwide to destabilise societies, and it is gaining strength. Meanwhile the military should prepare for the consequences of climate change on security. He has committed to taking bold, historic action on climate change and has named climate change one of the four crises facing the United States. Future historians may find it hard to explain why we acted so late to prepare for these planetary security challenges. While it is hard to predict policies, the good news is that our insights into environmental scarcity and climate change are rapidly getting better. This was acknowledged in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and has since has been ratified by 197 countries. Together with the Institute for Planetary Security, UNEP plans to organise a conference for all interested parties in 2020, aiming to create a partnership that will lead to a very powerful open access system that could revolutionise our knowledge of developments on our planet and boost our early warning capacity. Some first promising results were presented last year in the UN Security Council. We have yet to see effective and visionary decision-making that could preserve our vulnerable planet from environmental degradation. Meanwhile, floods affect over 100 million people annually. Speaking at the launch of a Special Report on Climate Change and Land by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Geneva, … Already we are seeing signs of what lies ahead: heatwaves, forest fires and increased destruction by hurricanes, floods and other forms of extreme weather. report by the U.S. National Security, Military and Intelligence Panel (NSMIP), United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Making climate change a national security priority, Developing critical infrastructure resilience against climate change risks, Every organization committing to rapidly achieving net zero emissions, Investing in technologies that helps solve sustainability challenges, Pledges to be carbon neutral and to eliminate the use of single-use plastics this year, Investments in technologies that enable sustainability, such as our, Developing solutions to enable national security and critical infrastructure resilience, such as our, Partnerships with public and private sector organizations, including universities, to advance national and global sustainability solutions and targets. Our commitments and initiatives, built in-line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, include: The climate change goals we need to accomplish as a global community, for our security and that of future generations, are ambitious. the link between climate change and national secu rity. It also begins to map and monitor environmental and climate security risks. By continuing to use this site you accept our use of cookies. Climate change has risen up the Security Council agenda in recent years. Climate change is set to challenge all systems on which global security, peace, and stability depend. Her responsibilities have included Brand Management, Brand Messaging, Marketing Operations, Go-To-Market planning and Corporate Strategic Initiatives. Tackling climate change requires a global effort, from governments, businesses, communities, and individuals. The IAEA helps countries to use nuclear science and technologies to monitor and measure the impact of climate change and adapt to its effects. The research focuses both on risks and risk management. UNEP is one of the hosts of another digital data project called the World Environment Situation Room (powered by MapX). The Valve Turners, on the other hand, take climate change both very seriously and very literally. Combining remote sensing, big data and AI could make it possible to forecast risks and assess scenarios in a way we could never do before, and this could help us prepare better for future challenges. Unfortunately, the future could have much more extreme scenarios in store for us. The climate emergency will dramatically shift the globe’s tropical rain belt, threatening the food security of billions of people, experts have … That means that the slashing or burning of an isolated forest becomes visible practically as it happens, just as reforestation can be tracked and promoted as good practice. BlackBerry uses cookies to help make our website better. Some of the cookies are necessary for proper These devastating events are a stark reminder that climate change is not an issue that can wait, but one we must address now. On the other hand, the rapid increase of big data and artificial intelligence (AI) could increase our capacity to forecast future security threats. Security is a multifaceted concept. These new tools could help us to prepare for a different world with new challenges. Accepting the reality of climate change, cooperating between all relevant stakeholders, and showing visionary leadership are some essential steps for the way forward. She holds a Bachelor’s degree, with Honors, in Business Management, from the University of Leicester and an Executive Certification in Financial Analysis from the University of California at Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. Economic instability, infrastructure risks, decreased water supplies and social unrest are named as a few of the potential outcomes of the climate change trajectory we are on today. Read more here about our cookies, and how you can While consensus is building, climate change isn't waiting around. Increasingly, Earth’s interacting physical, chemical and biological processes will pass tipping points, and feedback loops will further impact the environment. Tackling climate change requires a global effort, from governments, businesses, communities, and individuals. An expert explains the urgent need both for effective climate change action and for steps to be taken to prepare for life in a drastically different world, where global warming and related environmental degradation will impact on security. This observation is particularly salient within the United States. Some of the key steps the public and private sectors can take include: Making climate change a national security … Neelam Sandhu is responsible for the operations of the CEO office, including supporting the CEO in managing key customer and government relationships globally, preparation of and for internal and external content and engagements, and driving special cross-functional projects to deliver operational efficiencies. Countries' stances on climate change often mirror other geopolitical aims. Our societies tend to suffer from short-termism and there is a lack of urgency to deal with long-term threats. UNEP has also taken the initiative to strengthen cooperation and synergy between all these activities in order to build a ‘digital ecosystem for the environment’. It has no flag, no leader, no combatants, nor a revolutionary manifesto. In another sign that the Department of Defense (DoD) is prioritizing climate security risks, the annual Inspector General (IG) summary of the Department’s top management challenges explicitly discusses climate change and extreme weather events. In one case, scarcity may drive conflict and migration, while in another it may forge innovation and cooperation. A classic enemy is fought by the military, while every other institution in a country prepares for the consequences of the enemy’s actions. Another initiative of WRI, together with other partners, is the Water, Peace and Security (WPS) partnership. Ahead of the COP25 meeting, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that, so far, the world’s efforts to limit global warming have been “utterly inadequate”. On the eve of the UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 in Madrid (2 – 13 December 2019), a UN report made clear that urgent action is needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are contributing to global warming. The challenge is enormous: the report concludes that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by 7.6 per cent every year for the next ten years if we want to limit warming to 1.5°C. Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. Governments concentrate on winning the next elections, which makes current spending on preparing for the world of the future less popular (proposing relevant measures to encourage people to fly less and eat less meat are still considered a career-ending move in mainstream politics). This think tank works with a range of partners on projects like Global Forest Watch and Resource Watch, which provide new insights into what is happening on our planet. And even on a personal level, we all know that the climate emergency is generally not a welcome topic of conversation during dinner with friends and family. Then former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry took the floor and addressed what he said — correctly — is the greatest long-term threat to global security: climate change. Climate change will shift planet’s rain belt, threatening food security for billions, scientists say independent.co.uk - Tom Embury-Dennis. Such changes can limit ecosystem and human livelihoods and endanger water security locally, regionally and globally. “Very rarely is a climate issue the sole driver behind a security threat,” she offered. This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. Many popular articles on ‘climate wars’ or ‘water wars’ are highly speculative. The Planetary Security conferences that have been organised in The Hague since 2015 have helped to break down the silos between scientists, policy makers and military experts. The Climate Change and Security project aims to deepen knowledge on how, when and why climate-related security risks arise, and how these risks can be mitigated, strengthening human security and long-term sustainable peace (Sustainable Develop Goals 13 and 16). Mozambique was hit by two violent cyclones in March and April 2019, which together killed around 700 people. Given the complexities of the planet’s interacting processes, it is difficult to predict exactly what will happen at different mean temperatures –but basically the hotter it gets, the greater the disruption will be to weather patterns, ecosystems and sea levels. He is connected as associate or fellow to several environmental or security institutions and the universities of Yale and Uppsala. There is high agreement that climate change intimidates security where the term ‘security’ can refer to a broad range of securities involving national, international and Human Security. The exponential growth in resource extraction, use of fossil fuels, production, consumption and waste has contributed to the rise in CO2 emissions, extensive pollution, and loss of biodiversity, impacting all kinds of other processes on the planet. Photo © CGTN. Managing Cascading Security Implications of Climate Change April 22, 2020 | FP Analytics Special Report In 2010, the U.S. Department of Defense identified climate change as a … It can for instance combine the satellite data on forest cover in a country with those of the same area just two weeks before. As Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated upon the release of the WMO provisional Statement on the State of the Climate in 2019: “If we do not take urgent climate action now, then we are heading for a temperature increase of more than 3°C by the end of the century, with ever more harmful impacts on human wellbeing.”. As the United Nations approaches its 75th anniversary, the impact of anthropogenic climate change is sweeping across our planet. It is also hard to anticipate what actions world leaders will take in the future to prevent a breakdown of our ecosystems, including the (lack of) actions to curb greenhouse gas emissions. UN Photo/Manuel Elias. Tab 1:Canada’s Nature Legacy: protecting our … The Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change (GMACCC) is a global network of serving and retired military officers, and associated institutions. Plus, National Security And More COVID-19: LA County Residents 65 & Older Can Start Making Vaccine Appointments This Week ‘Planetary security’ therefore captures the new security challenges of our century better than the phrase ‘climate security’, or even the wider concept of ‘environment and security’. Water scarcity is expected to rise to unprecedented levels in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. It is hard to imagine what the combined consequences of the geophysical and societal changes could mean for us. The World Meteorological Organization said there was no previous record of two storms of such intensity striking the country in the same season. Additionally, Neelam manages BlackBerry’s travel strategy and operations. President-elect Joe Biden is 50 days away from assuming office as commander-in-chief. For climate change it is the other way around: diplomats, businesses, environmentalists and everybody else should fight climate change. Climate change poses grave risks to humanity in the 21st century; confronting it will require a massive transformation of the world’s energy systems. What is published in NATO Review does not necessarily represent the official position or policy of member governments, or of NATO. Temperatures fluctuations can cause loss of crops because of draught or flooding. While we prepared for nuclear war as a risk that could happen, we are less sure if, or how, we should prepare for the inevitable consequences of climate change. 2. Increasingly, military experts are voicing their concerns. Sadly, we are currently too slow in taking action to meet these targets – greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. An example is the work of the World Resources Institute (WRI). Billions of people may be faced with high levels of water stress or food scarcity, and many may migrate towards more habitable parts of the planet. A hotter planet will increasingly lead to security challenges. One of the reasons they may identify for the world’s slow reaction to both the cause and impacts of the climate crisis is that our institutions tend to work in silos and through government structures set up in a different era to confront a different sort of dangers. Joe Biden inauguration: Boris Johnson wants to work with Joe Biden on climate change and security A poll revealed Britons expected the new US … Some of the key steps the public and private sectors can take include: Only a concerted agenda and effort from governments and businesses will deliver the movement required to reverse the impact of our actions that have led to the climate catastrophe we face today. Brand Messaging, Marketing Operations, Go-To-Market planning and Corporate Strategic Initiatives of.. To challenge all systems on which global security, peace, and it is a killer of people it. And population growth are greatly affected by climate change requires a global,. Security locally, regionally and globally on ‘ climate wars ’ or ‘ water wars or... The universities of Yale and Uppsala environmentalist, who has mostly worked on one! Structures may be needed or indirectly, by changes in the early seventies of “ the Limits to growth and... 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