However, rates vary significantly by race and ethnicity. According to the United Nations population division, the worldwide infant mortality rate is Hispanic mothers aged 40-54 years accounted for the highest infant mortality rate (7.1). More proportion of white women attend prenatal care than any other ethnic group. In the United States, 6.1 infants die per every 1,000 live births, more than double the rates of Finland, Japan, Portugal, Sweden, the Czech Republic and Norway. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Infant Mortality Rates In The United States By Ethnicity, Fertility Rates In The United States By Ethnicity, Countries With The Lowest Infant Mortality Rates, 10 Of The Most Notorious Serial Killers In The World. According to the US Department Health and Human Services, the infant mortality rate in American Indian/Alaskan Natives is twice that of non-Hispanic Whites. The infant mortality rate is often used as a measure of a country’s health because similar factors influence population health and infant mortality (1). Causes differ for infants that are only a few days old and for older infants. In 1900, the U.S. infant mortality rate was approximately 100 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, while in 2000, the rate was 6.89 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the rate of death of children younger than one year of age. Washington has an infant mortality rate of 4.5. (December 2009) The United States—one of the world’s wealthiest countries—consistently has higher infant mortality rates than most other developed countries. However, it has been declining much more slowly than in other nations. It has been widely reported that the United States has a relatively high infant mortality rate compared with other developed countries: More than 23,000 American infants died in 2014, or about 6 for every 1,000 live births, putting us on par with countries like Serbia and Malaysia. Mexicans recorded an infant death rate of 5.1 while Central and South Americans recorded 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births. According to the 2017 report, babies born to Black mothers are three times likely to die of preterm related complications as babies born to White women. Please check your download folder. According to the 2017 population estimates, there are approximately 18 million Asian Americans in the US, representing 5.6% of the population. These and other factors have led to a higher infant mortality rate among the ethnic group. In 1934 the infant mortality rate for the entire country had been reduced to 60.1 per 1,000; an apparent reduction of two fifths, or 40 per cent. African American infants are 3.8 times as likely to die from complications related to low birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants. The infant mortality rate in the United States, based on the latest data available, is 5.8 per 1,000 births. According to the CDC report, 70% of Hispanic mothers were likely to receive no or late prenatal services than non-Hispanic Whites. In the United States, the IMR has been declining over time. In 2017, the infant mortality rate in the US was 5.79 deaths/1,000live births. Below is an analysis of the infant mortality rate by ethnicity. If the United States could reduce its mortality rate for this group of infants to the 1.1 rate of Sweden, the nation’s overall infant mortality rate would fall to 3.2 deaths per 1,000 live births. Other major causes of infant deaths were low birthweight and unintentional injuries. The two major causes of infant deaths in the US are congenital malformation and sudden infant death syndrome. Infant mortality is a growing concern in the United States with an average of 22,000 children dying every year before their first birthday. In 2017, the rate of infant deaths per 1,000 American Indian live birth was 9.21. In 2017, the infant mortality rate in the US was 5.79 deaths/1,000live births. Over the past decade, the overall infant mortality rate in the United States has improved, declining 15% from 6.86 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005-a recent high-to 5.82 in 2014 (4). The infant mortality rate is the number of infant death for every 1,000 live birth. The overall infant mortality rates have declined in recent years but is still a concern we must address. This ethnic group contends with numerous factors that may threaten their health such as cultural barriers and lack of health insurance. Available data also reveals that Indian infants are twice likely to die from sudden infant death syndrome as non-Hispanic White. This seems counterintuitive. In the year 2011, 387 infant deaths were recorded in the entire Washington state. Maternal complication during pregnancy has also resulted in a significant number of infant deaths. Newmayer then noted that some American cities had recently initiated a variety of programs to improve child health. Infant mortality rates in the United States increase as counties become more rural, 1,2 mirroring the “rural mortality penalty” found among adults. The mortality … If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See? The infant mortality rate is the number of infant death for every 1,000 live birth. Most other developed countriesas geographically diverse as Japan, Finland, Australia and Israelhave lower rates, closer to 2 or 3 deaths out of every 1,000. The report further indicates that an Asian American infant is 40% more likely to die due to pregnancy-related complications as compared to White infants. Although adjusted for differences in age-distribution and population size, rankings by state do not take into account other state specific population characteristics that may affect the level of mortality. In 2017, 5.10 infant deaths per 1,000 live births were recorded among infants born of Hispanic mothers. Low birthweight is the second major cause of death, accounting for 162 deaths. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. The U.S.’s overall infant mortality rate is 5.79 deaths per 1,000 live births, but infant mortality rates vary from state to state, with a concentration of high rates in the South and parts of the Midwest. White women have easy access to health care, meaning that chronic diseases that may affect pregnancy are likely to be treated. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2016, the infant mortality rate in the United States was 5.9 deaths per 1,000 live births, which calculates to over 23,000 infant deaths. Blacks in the U.S. continue to have significantly higher rates of infant mortality than other races, despite seeing an … United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. White Americans are considered the wealthiest and healthiest ethnic group in the United States. The U.S. infant mortality rate generally declined throughout the 20th century. The infant mortality rate for 2011 was 4.5 deaths per 1000 live births. The most telling sign was a list of the infant mortality rate (IMR) in 30 countries—the United States ranked 18th with an IMR of 135 deaths per 1000 live births. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. These are the states where infant mortality is highest The new report showed that, from 2013 through 2015, the infant mortality rate in the US ranged from 9.08 deaths per 1,000 infants born alive in Mississippi — which had the highest rate — to 4.28 deaths per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts… Chart and table of the U.S. infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021. The infant mortality rate (IMR) of 6.0 per 1000 live births in the United States in 2013 is nearly the highest among developed countries. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 7,000 black children died before their first birthday, of which the majority of the children (5.85 deaths/1,000 live births) died within the one week of their birth. In the 1850s, the infant mortality rate in the United States was estimated at 216.8 per 1,000 babies born for whites and 340.0 per 1,000 for African Americans, but rates have significantly declined in the West in modern times. At the state level, infant mortality ranges from a low of 3.66 deaths per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to a high of 8.73 in Mississippi. Socioeconomic status and access to proper nutrition and proper healthcare are also cited as the cause for the disparity in infant mortality rate. Infant mortality rate in Washington decreased sharply through the 1990s. Infant mortality is a growing concern in the United States with an average of 22,000 children dying every year before their first birthday. the infant mortality rate was 99.9 per 1,000; one infant in ten died before reaching his first birthday. As a result, the US global ranking in IMRs is also declining. The infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2020 was 5.681 deaths per 1000 live births, a 1.17% … It is, therefore, no surprise that the infant mortality rate among the Whites is the second-lowest in the US. Infant mortality by race in the United States reveals that more Black babies die before their first birthday than any other race. Please check your download folder. According to the CDC report, the infant mortality rate was particularly high among mothers aged under 20 years and those aged above 35 years. The infant mortality rate ranges from 4 deaths per 1,000 live births in Cuban Americans to 6.5 deaths/1,000 live births for Puerto Ricans. It has also been observed that the majority begin their prenatal visits very early and follow through to the end of their pregnancy. Higher preterm birth rate and low birth weight are the two leading causes of infant mortality rate among Black children. However… Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islanders represent about 0.4% of the US population, out of which about 370,000 reside in Hawaii. Although infant mortality has declined in the United States, disparities still exist across geographic areas and demographic groups (2–4). United Nations - World Population Prospects, The current infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2021 is, The infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2020 was, The infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2019 was, The infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2018 was. Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, About 22,000 infants die every year in the United States, Infant mortality rate in the US in 2017 was 5.79 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, Black infants are three times likely to die from preterm-related issues than White infants.